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See also:
U+9813, 頓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9813

[U+9812]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9814]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 181, +4, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心山一月金 (PUMBC), four-corner 51786, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1401, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43381
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1918, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4360, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9813

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːnʔ
*rduːn, *duːn, *tun
*donʔ, *duːn, *duːnʔ
*tuːnʔ, *tjuns
*tuːns
*tuːns
*tʰuːn, *tʰuːnʔ
*tʰuːnʔ
*duːn, *tun
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn, *stʰuːn
*duːn
*duːn
*duːn, *duːnʔ
*duːnʔ
*tun
*tʰun
*tʰun
椿 *tʰun
*tʰunʔ, *tʰjunʔ
*tjun
*tjun, *tjuns
*tjunʔ, *djun
*tʰjun
*tʰjunʔ
*tʰjunʔ
*tʰjunʔ
*djun
*hljunʔ
*hljuns

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • tùn - literary;
  • tǹg/tùiⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tuən⁵¹/
    Harbin /tuən⁵³/
    Tianjin /tuən⁵³/
    Jinan /tuẽ²¹/
    Qingdao /tuə̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /tuən³¹²/
    Xi'an /tuẽ⁴⁴/
    Xining /tuə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /tuŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /tũn¹³/
    Ürümqi /tuŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /tən³⁵/
    Chengdu /tən¹³/
    Guiyang /ten²¹³/
    Kunming /tuə̃²¹²/
    Nanjing /tun⁴⁴/
    Hefei /tən⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /tuəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /tuŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /tũŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /təŋ³⁵/
    Suzhou /tən⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /ten⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /taŋ⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /tʌ̃³²⁴/
    Tunxi /tuːə⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /tən⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /tən⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /tɨn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /tun³¹/
    Taoyuan /tun³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tøn²²/
    Nanning /tɐn²²/
    Hong Kong /tøn²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tun²¹/
    /tŋ̍²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /touŋ²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tuŋ³⁵/
    /tɯŋ²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdun³⁵/
    /ʔdun⁵⁵/
    /ʔdui³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (55)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tuənH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tuonH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tuənH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /twənH/
    Li
    Rong
    /tuənH/
    Wang
    Li
    /tuənH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tuənH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dùn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12541
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tuːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to pause
    2. to arrange
    3. to stamp the ground
    4. Classifier for meals and occurrences of an event.
    5. (Teochew) meal
    6. suddenly

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 冒頓冒顿.

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (don, dun) (hangeul , )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đốn, đón, nhún, dún, đon, đún, lún, rón)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.