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See also:
U+6EC5, 滅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6EC5

[U+6EC4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6EC6]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 水戈竹火 (EIHF), four-corner 33150, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 642, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18008
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1049, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1696, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6EC5

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*med
*med
*hmed
*smid
*smid
*smid

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *med): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *hmed) – to destroy with water (extinguish, flood).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-miːt (to extinguish; to shut abruptly; to wink; to blink; to die). Matisoff compares Burmese မှိတ် (hmit, (of eyes) to close; (of light) to put out, to switch off) and possibly Tibetan མེད (med, to not exist). Cognate Chinese characters include:

  • (OC *hmed, “to destroy; to cause destruction”)
  • (OC *meːd, *meːd, “to destroy”)

The Old Chinese *e ~ Proto-Tibeto-Burman *i vowel discrepancy may be explained by a reanalysis of the proto-etymon in Chinese, as derived from (OC *hmai, “to destroy”) + suffix *-t (Schuessler, 2009), although is reconstructed in the Baxter-Sagart and Zhengzhang systems as having an *l-like initial. The direct Chinese comparandum of Proto-Tibeto-Burman *mit may be (OC *mɯːd, “to disappear; to die; to perish in water”) (ibid.).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (81)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/miᴇt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/miɛt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mjæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miat̚/
Li
Rong
/miɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/mĭɛt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɛt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
miè
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
miè
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjiet ›
Old
Chinese
/*[m]et/
English destroy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13942
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*med/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to obliterate; to wipe out; to eradicate; to conquer
  2. to be destroyed; to perish; to die
  3. to disappear; to vanish
  4. to extinguish (a fire); (of light or fire) to go out
  5. to turn off (light, lamp, etc.)
  6. to alter (handwriting)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(myeol) (hangeul , revised myeol, McCune-Reischauer myŏl, Yale myel)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(diệt, dột, riết)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.