See also:
U+8511, 蔑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8511

[U+8510]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8512]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 140, +11, 15 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 14 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 廿田中戈 (TWLI), four-corner 44253, composition 𦭝 or )

Antonyms

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Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1054, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31781
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1516, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3279, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8511

Chinese

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trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions
   

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : 𦰋 (person) + (dagger-axe) – a weapon striking a person's lower leg.

𦰋 (“person”) was composed of an eye with eyebrows (now written ) on top of . The eye and eyebrows are written ⿱艹罒 in the modern form of 蔑, and has combined with to form .

Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (87)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Baxter met
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/met̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/met̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɛt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mɛt̚/
Li
Rong
/met̚/
Wang
Li
/miet̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/miet̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
miè
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
mit6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
miè
Middle
Chinese
‹ met ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˁet/
English destroy; not have

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9116 9118
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*meːd/ /*meːd/
Notes 𥄕

Definitions

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  1. to belittle; to disdain; to despise
  2. to extinguish; to obliterate
  3. to discard
  4. slight; small; lowly
  5. nothing; none
  6. (of the eye) red and swollen, making one unable to see clearly
Synonyms
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Compounds

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Etymology 2

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“dirty blood; to smear; etc.”).
(This character is the simplified form of ).
Notes:

References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. nothing
  2. to ignore
  3. to belittle, to despise

Readings

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Compounds

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Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC met).

Recorded as Middle Korean 며ᇙ〮 (Yale: myelq) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

Recorded as Middle Korean 멸〮 (myél) (Yale: myel) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 업신여길 (eopsinyeogil myeol))

  1. Hanja form? of (to belittle; to despise).

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: miệt

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds

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