ChineseEdit

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(琉璃)
alternative forms 瑠璃
 
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EtymologyEdit

From an unidentified language in the Western Regions, perhaps a Prakrit language, e.g. Gandhari 𐨬𐨅𐨜𐨂𐨪𐨁𐨩(veḍuriya),[1] a form attested in as a component in a proper noun. Compare Pali veḷuriya (precious stone, maybe lapis lazuli), Sanskrit वैडूर्य (vaiḍūrya, cat's-eye, beryl).[2] The Middle Chinese reflex may have been subjected to hyperthesis with the ḍ- and r- syllables exchanged, with further > l (Ji, 1998v4).

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

琉璃

  1. (literary, originally) a kind of blue and translucent natural precious stone, probably lapis lazuli
  2. coloured glaze similar to this kind of stone
  3. (literary) Synonym of 玻璃 (bōli, “glass”).
  4. (literary) lamp made from glass
  5. (literary, figuratively) any translucent object
  6. (Beijing) dragonfly

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (琉璃):
  • Japanese: 琉璃(るり) (ruri)
  • Korean: 유리 (琉璃, yuri)
  • Vietnamese: lưu li (琉璃)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stefan Baums; Andrew Glass (2016) , “Veḍuriyaprabha”, in A Dictionary of Gandhari
  2. ^ 1917, Field Museum of Natural History: 1909, “The Beginnings of Porcelain in China”, Berthold Laufer and Henry Windsor Nichols, The Museum, page 138:
    The glassy paste for the production of ceramic glazes was called liu-li 琉璃 (in the Han Annals 流離) or p'i-liu-li, derived from Prākrit veluriya, Mahārāshṭrī verulia (Sanskrit vaiḍūrya).

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō

Grade: S
goon on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

The spelling is an orthographic borrowing from Chinese 琉璃.

For pronunciation and definitions of 琉璃 – see the following entry.
瑠璃るり
[noun] lapis lazuli
[noun] the deep blue color of lapis lazuli: azure
[noun] common name for various blue thrushes (birds) in family Muscicapidae, such as the 大瑠璃 (ōruri, blue and white flycatcher, Cyanoptila cyanomelana) or 小瑠璃 (koruri, Siberian blue robin, Larvivora cyane, syn. Luscinia cyane)
[noun] (mineralogy, geology) lazurite
(This term, 琉璃, is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese term.)

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

琉璃 (yuri) (hangeul 유리)

  1. Hanja form? of 유리 (glass).