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ChineseEdit

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(琉璃)
alt. forms 瑠璃
 
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琉璃

EtymologyEdit

From an unidentified language in the Western Regions, perhaps a Prakrit language (e.g. Gandhari). Compare Pali veḷuriya (precious stone, maybe lapis lazuli), Sanskrit वैडूर्य (vaiḍūrya, cat's-eye, beryl).[1]

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

琉璃

  1. (literary, originally) a kind of blue and translucent natural precious stone, probably lapis lazuli
  2. coloured glaze similar to this kind of stone
  3. (literary) Synonym of 玻璃 (bōli, “glass”).
  4. (literary) lamp made from glass
  5. (literary, figuratively) any translucent object

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (琉璃):

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1917, Field Museum of Natural History: 1909, “The Beginnings of Porcelain in China”, Berthold Laufer and Henry Windsor Nichols, The Museum, page 138:
    The glassy paste for the production of ceramic glazes was called liu-li 琉璃 (in the Han Annals 流離) or p'i-liu-li, derived from Prākrit veluriya, Mahārāshṭrī verulia (Sanskrit vaiḍūrya).

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō

Grade: S
on’yomi

NounEdit

琉璃 (hiragana るり, rōmaji ruri)

  1. Alternative form of 瑠璃: lapis lazuli

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

琉璃 (yuri) (hangeul 유리)

  1. Hanja form? of 유리, “glass”.