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ChineseEdit

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(琉璃)
alt. forms 瑠璃
 
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琉璃

EtymologyEdit

From an unidentified language in the Western Regions, perhaps a Prakrit language (e.g. Gandhari). Compare Pali veḷuriya (precious stone, maybe lapis lazuli), Sanskrit वैडूर्य (vaiḍūrya, cat's-eye, beryl).[1]

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

琉璃

  1. coloured glaze

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (琉璃):
  • Japanese: 琉璃 (るり) (ruri)
  • Korean: 유리 (琉璃, yuri)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1917, Field Museum of Natural History: 1909, “The Beginnings of Porcelain in China”, Berthold Laufer and Henry Windsor Nichols, The Museum, page 138:
    The glassy paste for the production of ceramic glazes was called liu-li 琉璃 (in the Han Annals 流離) or p'i-liu-li, derived from Prākrit veluriya, Mahārāshṭrī verulia (Sanskrit vaiḍūrya).

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō

Grade: S
on'yomi

NounEdit

琉璃 (hiragana るり, rōmaji ruri)

  1. Alternative form of 瑠璃: lapis lazuli

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

琉璃 (yuri) (hangeul 유리)

  1. Hanja form? of 유리, “glass”.