|simp. and trad.
From an unidentified language in the Western Regions, perhaps a Prakrit language, e.g. Gandhari 𐨬𐨅𐨜𐨂𐨪𐨁𐨩 (veḍuriya), a form attested in as a component in a proper noun. Compare Pali veḷuriya (“precious stone, maybe lapis lazuli”), Sanskrit वैडूर्य (vaiḍūrya, “cat's-eye, beryl”). The Middle Chinese reflex may have been subjected to hyperthesis with the ḍ- and r- syllables exchanged, with further ḍ > l (Ji, 1998v4).
- (literary, originally) a kind of blue and translucent natural precious stone, probably lapis lazuli
- coloured glaze similar to this kind of stone
- (literary) Synonym of 玻璃 (bōli, “glass”).
- (literary) lamp made from glass
- (literary, figuratively) any translucent object
- (Beijing) dragonfly
- ^ Stefan Baums; Andrew Glass (2016) , “Veḍuriyaprabha”, in A Dictionary of Gandhari
- ^ 1917, Field Museum of Natural History: 1909, “The Beginnings of Porcelain in China”, Berthold Laufer and Henry Windsor Nichols, The Museum, page 138:
- The glassy paste for the production of ceramic glazes was called liu-li 琉璃 (in the Han Annals 流離) or p'i-liu-li, derived from Prākrit veluriya, Mahārāshṭrī verulia (Sanskrit vaiḍūrya).
|Kanji in this term|
|For pronunciation and definitions of 琉璃 – see the following entry.|
|(This term, 琉璃, is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese term.)|
|Hanja in this term|