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U+96E2, 離
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96E2

[U+96E1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96E3]
U+F9EA, 離
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9EA

[U+F9E9]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9EB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 172, +10, 18 strokes, cangjie input 卜月人土 (YBOG), four-corner 00414, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1369, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42140
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1875, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4106, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+96E2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*reːl, *rel
*reːl, *rel
*reːls, *rel, *rels
*rel
*rel, *r̥ʰel
*rel
*rel
*rel
*rel
*rel, *r̥ʰel
*rel
*rel
*rel
*rel
*r̥ʰel
*r̥ʰel
*r̥ʰel

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *reːls, *rel, *rels): phonetic  (OC *rel, *r̥ʰel) + semantic  (bird).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: lei6 - rare (e.g. 離群索居离群索居).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /li˧˥/
Harbin /li˨˦/
Tianjin /li˦˥/
Jinan /li˦˨/
Qingdao /li˦˨/
Zhengzhou /li˦˨/ ~婚
/li˧˩˨/ ~開
Xi'an /li˨˦/ ~別
/li˦˦/ ~開
Xining /l̩˨˦/
Yinchuan /li˥˧/
Lanzhou /li˥˧/
Ürümqi /li˥˩/
Wuhan /ni˨˩˧/
Chengdu /ni˧˩/
Guiyang /ni˨˩/
Kunming /li˧˩/
Nanjing /li˨˦/
/li˦˦/
Hefei /zz̩˥˥/
Jin Taiyuan /li˩˩/
Pingyao /li˩˧/ ~別
/li˧˥/ 分開了
Hohhot /li˧˩/
Wu Shanghai /li˨˧/
Suzhou /li˩˧/
Hangzhou /li˩˧/
Wenzhou /lei˧˩/
Hui Shexian /li˦˦/
Tunxi /li˦˦/
Xiang Changsha /li˩˧/
Xiangtan /ni˩˨/
Gan Nanchang /li˦˥/
Hakka Meixian /li˩˩/
Taoyuan /li˩˩/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lei˨˩/
Nanning /li˨˩/
Hong Kong /lei˨˩/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /li˧˥/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lie˥˧/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /li˦˦/
Shantou (Min Nan) /li˥˥/
Haikou (Min Nan) /li˧˩/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Initial () (37) (37)
Final () (11) (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/liᴇ/ /liᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/liɛ/ /liɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ljɛ/ /ljɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/liə̆/ /liə̆H/
Li
Rong
/lie/ /lieH/
Wang
Li
/lǐe/ /lǐeH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lie̯/ /lie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lje › ‹ lje › ‹ ljeH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]aj/ /*[r]aj/ /*raj-s/
English meet with, encounter depart from reject

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
No. 7780 7794
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rel/ /*rels/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to leave, to depart
  2. to go away
  3. to separate
  4. away from
  5. 3rd of the 8 trigrams
  6. 30th hexagram of the I Ching
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (37)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/leiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/leiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛjH/
Li
Rong
/leiH/
Wang
Li
/lieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 7779
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*reːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Used in 離枝离枝 (lízhī).
  2. Alternative form of (, “to adhere”).

Pronunciation 3Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 離跂离跂.

Pronunciation 4Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (chī, “a kind of dragon”).
  2. Alternative form of (chī, “a kind of legendary beast”).

Pronunciation 5Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 離瞀离瞀.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ri>i) (hangeul >, revised ri>i, McCune–Reischauer ri>i, Yale li>i)

  1. leave, separation, departure, division

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: li, ly, le, , , lìa, lia

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit