U+57DF, 域
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-57DF

[U+57DE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+57E0]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 土戈口一 (GIRM), four-corner 43150, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 230, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5158
  • Dae Jaweon: page 466, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 451, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+57DF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷrɯɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *ɡʷɯːɡ).

EtymologyEdit

(OC *kʷɯːɡ, “state”) is the k-prefix derivation of (OC *ɢʷrɯɡ, “territory”) (Schuessler, 2007). See for more.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹³/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
Xi'an /y⁴⁴/
Xining /y²¹³/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /y²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
Guiyang /iu²¹/
Kunming /iu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ɦyəʔ³/
Hangzhou /ɦioʔ²/
Wenzhou /jy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /yʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ȵy¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /y²⁴/
Xiangtan /y²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan /vet̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wek̚²/
Nanning /wek̚²²/
Hong Kong /wek̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ik̚⁵/
/hik̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hek̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (135)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦwɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwik̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuək̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwik ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷrək/
English territory

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5554
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷrɯɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. fief
  2. territory; district; region; land
  3. scope; range
    定義 / 定义  ―  dìngyì  ―  domain
      ―  zhí  ―  range
  4. cemetery
  5. residence
  6. (mathematics) field
  7. (computing) domain
  8. (taxonomy) domain

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. range
  2. region
  3. limits
  4. stage
  5. level

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
いき
Grade: 6
goon

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦwɨk̚). Compare modern Cantonese (wik6, /wɪk̚²/).

The goon pronunciation, so likely the initial borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(いき) (iki (historical kana ゐき)

  1. region, level

AffixEdit

(いき) (iki (historical kana ゐき)

  1. range, region, limits, stage, level
  2. land, territory

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦwɨk̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 역〮 (Yale: yek) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 지경 (jigyeong yeok))

  1. Hanja form? of (region).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vực, bực, vác, vặc, vức)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.