See also: 刘
- KangXi: page 144, character 39
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2224
- Dae Jaweon: page 325, character 16
- Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 359, character 4
- Unihan data for U+5289
Often written as 卯 () in the oracle bone script. *mruːʔ
- kill, slaughter
- Probably Sino-Tibetan; compare Tedim Chin gou⁵³ / gɔʔ¹¹ < rouh / rɔʔ/h (Schuessler, 2007).
- (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From sense "kill, slaughter"?”)
- (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From sense "battle-ax"? Compare 粵/越 "Yue peoples, state of Yue" from 戉 "battle-ax"”)
- Two origins are recorded: from 劉累 Liú Lĕi, descendant of Emperor Yao and dragon-keeper of King Kong Jia of Xia; and from the Liu state (劉國) ruled by Duke Kang of Liu, younger brother of King Ding of Zhou.
- † a type of battle axe
- † to kill; to slaughter
- 我王來，既爰宅于茲；重我民，無盡劉。 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
- From: The Book of Documents, circa 4th – 3rd century BCE
- Wǒ wáng lái, jì yuán zhái yú zī; zhòng wǒ mín, wú jìn liú. [Pinyin]
- Our king came, and fixed on this. He did so from a deep concern for our people, and did not wish to see them all being killed.
我王来，既爰宅于兹；重我民，无尽刘。 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
- (～國) State of Liu during the Zhou dynasty
- A surname.
Derived terms from 劉
- A family name