U+5289, 劉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5289

[U+5288]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+528A]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 18 +13, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹金中弓 (HCLN), four-corner 72100, composition𨥫)

  1. a surname
  2. kill, destroy
  3. overcome, conquer

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 144, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2224
  • Dae Jaweon: page 325, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 359, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5289

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mruːʔ
*mruːʔ
*mruːʔ
*mruːʔ, *m·ruʔ
*m̥ʰruːs
*m̥ʰruːs, *m·ruː, *m·rus
*m·rɯːw
貿 *mlus
*mlus
*m·ru
*m·ru, *m·rus
*m·ru
*m·ru
*m·ru
*m·ru
*ru
*m·ru, *m·rus
*m·ru
*m·ru
*m·ru
*m·ru
*m·ru
*m·ru, *m·rus
*m·ru, *m·ruʔ
*m·ru, *m·ruʔ
*m·ruʔ
*m·ruʔ
*m·ruʔ
*m·ruʔ, *m·rus
*m·rus
*m·rus
*m·rus
*m·rus

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *m·ru): phonetic (OC *mruːʔ) + semantic (metal) + semantic (knife).

Often written as (OC *mruːʔ) in the oracle bone script.

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “is the surname related to the sense "to kill"?”

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lâu - vernacular;
  • liû - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/liu/
Shao
Rongfen
/liəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/luw/
Li
Rong
/liu/
Wang
Li
/lĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/li̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
liú
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
liú
Middle
Chinese
‹ ljuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə-ru/
English kill; surname

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8881
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*m·ru/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. a type of battle axe
  2. to kill; to slaughter
  3. A surname​.

DescendantsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. axe
  2. kill

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ryu>yu) (hangeul >, revised ryu>yu, McCune-Reischauer ryu>yu, Yale lyu>yu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(Lưu)

  1. A Vietnamese family name