See also:
U+5289, 劉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5289

[U+5288]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+528A]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 18, +13, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹金中弓 (HCLN), four-corner 72100, composition𨥫)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 144, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2224
  • Dae Jaweon: page 325, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 359, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5289

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *m·ru): phonetic (OC *mruːʔ) + semantic (metal) + semantic (knife).

Often written as (OC *mruːʔ) in the oracle bone script.

EtymologyEdit

kill, slaughter
Probably Sino-Tibetan; compare Tedim Chin gou⁵³ / gɔʔ¹¹ < rouh / rɔʔ/h (Schuessler, 2007).
battle-axe
(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From sense "kill, slaughter"?”)
surname
(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From sense "battle-ax"? Compare 粵/越 "Yue peoples, state of Yue" from 戉 "battle-ax"”)
Two origins are recorded: from 劉累 Liú Lĕi, descendant of Emperor Yao and dragon-keeper of King Kong Jia of Xia; and from the Liu state (劉國) ruled by Duke Kang of Liu, younger brother of King Ding of Zhou.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lâu - vernacular (incl. surname);
  • liû - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /liu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /liəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /luw/
    Li
    Rong
    /liu/
    Wang
    Li
    /lĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /li̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    liú
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    lau4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    liú
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ljuw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mə-ru/
    English kill; surname

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 8881
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m·ru/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. a type of battle axe
    2. to kill; to slaughter
    3. () State of Liu during the Zhou dynasty
    4. A surname​.
      /   ―  Liú Bāng  ―  Liu Bang

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • English: Liu, Lau
    • Tagalog: Lao

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. axe
    2. kill

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 죽일 (jugil ryu), South Korea 죽일 (jugil yu))

    1. Hanja form? of / (to kill).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: Lưu

    1. A family name