See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'ils): semantic  ‎(grain still on stock) + phonetic  ‎(OC *tjul) – (young) grain.

Han characterEdit

(radical 115 +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 竹木人土 (HDOG), four-corner 20914, composition)

  1. young, immature
  2. childhood

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 855, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25120
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1280, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2613, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+7A1A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (11)
Final: (17)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖɣiɪH/ /ɖɯiH/ /ȡiɪH/ /ɖjiH/ /ȡjiH/ /ȡiH/ /ȡʱiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhì ‹ drijH › /*lrəj-s/ young

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17388 1 /*l'ils/

DefinitionsEdit

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CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chi) (hangeul , revised chi, McCune-Reischauer ch'i, Yale chi)

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