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Wiktionary β

See also: 艰苦

Contents

ChineseEdit

difficult; hard; hardship
 
bitter; intensely; miserable; painful
trad. (艱苦)
simp. (艰苦)

PronunciationEdit


AdjectiveEdit

艱苦

  1. arduous; laborious; hard

NounEdit

艱苦

  1. toil; hard work; suffering

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit