See also: 艰苦

ChineseEdit

difficult; hard; hardship
 
bitter; intensely; miserable; painful
trad. (艱苦)
simp. (艰苦)

PronunciationEdit


AdjectiveEdit

艱苦

  1. arduous; laborious; hard

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

艱苦

  1. toil; hard work; suffering

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit