See also: 困难

Chinese

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distress; sleepy; doze off
disaster; distress; to scold
disaster; distress; to scold; difficult (to...); problem; difficulty; difficult; not good
 
trad. (困難)
simp. (困难)

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (29) (8)
Final () (55) (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Baxter khwonH nan
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuonH/ /nɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwənH/ /nan/
Li
Rong
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Wang
Li
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kùn nán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fan3 naan4

Adjective

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困難

  1. hard; difficult; challenging
    你們選擇困難 [MSC, trad.]
    你们选择困难 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐmen xuǎnzé le yī tiáo kùnnan zhī lù. [Pinyin]
    You have all chosen a difficult path.
  2. poor; impoverished; disadvantaged
    困難兒童困难儿童  ―  kùnnan értóng  ―  disadvantaged children

Synonyms

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  • (hard):
  • (poor):

Antonyms

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  • (antonym(s) of difficult): 容易 (róngyì)

Noun

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困難

  1. difficulty; challenge; dire straits; hardships
    害怕困難害怕困难  ―  hàipà kùnnan  ―  to be afraid of difficulties
    克服困難克服困难  ―  kèfú kùnnan  ―  to overcome difficulties
    呼吸困難呼吸困难  ―  hūxī kùnnan  ―  (to have) breathing difficulty
    困難重重困难重重  ―  kùnnan chóngchóng  ―  to have many difficulties
    就業困難就业困难  ―  jiùyè kùnnan  ―  difficulties finding a job
    什麼困難可以 [MSC, trad.]
    什么困难可以 [MSC, simp.]
    Yǒu shénme kùnnan kěyǐ lái zhǎo wǒ. [Pinyin]
    You can come find me if you have any difficulties.
    只要信心困難戰勝 [MSC, trad.]
    只要信心困难战胜 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhǐyào yǒu xìnxīn, kùnnan bì zhànshèng. [Pinyin]
    Difficulties can be overcome so long as you have confidence.
    雖然閱讀水平但是中國人講話有點困難 [MSC, trad.]
    虽然阅读水平但是中国人讲话有点困难 [MSC, simp.]
    Suīrán wǒ de yuèdú shuǐpíng hěn hǎo, dànshì gēn zhōngguórén jiǎnghuà yǒudiǎn kùnnan. [Pinyin]
    Although my reading skills are very good, I have some difficulty conversing with Chinese people.

Synonyms

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (困難):

Japanese

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Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 6
なん
Grade: 6
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
困難 (kyūjitai)

Adjective

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(こん)(なん) (konnan-na (adnominal (こん)(なん) (konnan na), adverbial (こん)(なん) (konnan ni))

  1. difficult, trying, hard

Inflection

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Noun

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(こん)(なん) (konnan

  1. difficulties, hardship, trouble

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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困難 (gollan) (hangeul 곤란)

  1. Hanja form? of 곤란 (trouble; difficulty).

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Adjective

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困難

  1. chữ Hán form of khốn nạn (difficult).

Interjection

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困難

  1. chữ Hán form of khốn nạn ((offensive) Damn! Shit!).