See also: 困难

ChineseEdit

distress; sleepy; doze off
 
disaster; distress; to scold
disaster; distress; to scold; difficult (to...); problem; difficulty; difficult; not good
trad. (困難)
simp. (困难)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (29) (8)
Final () (55) (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuonH/ /nɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwənH/ /nan/
Li
Rong
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Wang
Li
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuənH/ /nɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kùn nán

AdjectiveEdit

困難

  1. hard; difficult; challenging
  2. poor; impoverished; disadvantaged
    困難兒童 / 困难儿童  ―  kùnnan értóng  ―  disadvantaged children

SynonymsEdit

  • (hard):
  • (poor):

AntonymsEdit

  • (difficult): 容易 (róngyì)

NounEdit

困難

  1. difficulty; challenge; dire straits; hardships
    克服困難 / 克服困难  ―  kèfú kùnnan  ―  to overcome difficulties
    呼吸困難 / 呼吸困难  ―  hūxī kùnnán  ―  (to have) breathing difficulty
    只要信心困難戰勝 [MSC, trad.]
    只要信心困难战胜 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhǐyào yǒu xìnxīn, kùnnan bì zhànshèng. [Pinyin]
    Difficulties can be overcome so long as you have confidence.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (困難):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 6
なん
Grade: 6
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
困難 (kyūjitai)

Adjectival nounEdit

(こん)(なん) (konnan-na (adnominal (こん)(なん) (konnan na), adverbial (こん)(なん) (konnan ni))

  1. difficult, trying, hard

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

(こん)(なん) (konnan

  1. difficulties, hardship, trouble

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

困難 (gollan) (hangeul 곤란)

  1. Hanja form? of 곤란 (trouble; difficulty).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

AdjectiveEdit

困難

  1. Hán tự form of khốn nạn (difficult).

InterjectionEdit

困難

  1. Hán tự form of khốn nạn ((offensive) Damn! Shit!).