See also:
U+7AAE, 窮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7AAE

[U+7AAD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7AAF]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 116, +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 十金竹竹弓 (JCHHN), four-corner 30227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 867, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25593
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2737, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+7AAE

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡuŋ): semantic (cave; nest; confinement) + phonetic (OC *kuŋ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kiông - literary;
  • kêng/khêng/không - vernacular;
  • khiò - 竅 is used in the Mainland.
Note:
  • kiong5 - literary;
  • gêng5 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰyŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰyŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰyŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰyuŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰyŋ²⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰyə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰyŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰỹn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰyŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰioŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyoŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰioŋ²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰioŋ¹/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕʰioŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyŋ¹³/
    /t͡ɕyŋ¹³/ ~人
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰỹŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑioŋ²³/
    Suzhou /d͡ʑioŋ¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡ʑioŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡ʑoŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰin⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕioŋ¹³/
    Xiangtan /d͡ʑin¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuŋ²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰiuŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /kʰioŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰoŋ²¹/
    Nanning /kʰuŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /kʰuŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiɔŋ³⁵/
    /kiŋ³⁵/
    /kʰiŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kœyŋ²¹/ 無~
    /kœyŋ³³/ ~沒
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰioŋ⁵⁵/
    /keŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xiɔŋ³¹/
    /kiaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (2)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨuŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiuŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiuŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /guwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiuŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭuŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯uŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qióng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    kung4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qióng qióng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ gjuwng › ‹ gjuwng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ](r)uŋ/ /*m-[ɡ](r)uŋ/
    English poor exhaust

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4145
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡuŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to exhaust; to do in a thorough manner (e.g. to study, to discuss, to use, etc.)
      兵黷武 / 兵黩武  ―  qióngbīngdúwǔ  ―  to go all in with wars
      根究底 / 根究底  ―  qiónggēnjiūdǐ  ―  to dig into the very roots of the matter
    2. to be constrained; to be limited; to be put to an end
      Antonym: ()
      /   ―  qióng  ―  limitless; without end
      1. to be in dire straits; to suffer from lack of opportunity, support, etc.
    3. poor; destitute; impoverished
      Antonym: ()
      /   ―  pínqióng  ―  lacking; suffering from want
      /   ―  rén qióng zhì bù qióng  ―  poor in money but not in aspiration
    4. exhausted; used up
      理屈詞 / 理屈词  ―  lǐqūcíqióng  ―  unable to argue any further; having no more excuses
    5. excessively; inappropriately attentive to details; snobbishly; frivolously
      講究 / 讲究  ―  qióng jiǎngjiū  ―  to be too fine in tastes; to be a snob
    6. 69th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "exhaustion, tiredness" (𝍊)

    SynonymsEdit

    • (poor):

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 다할 (dahal gung))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    (eumhun 궁할 (gunghal gung))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: cùng, khùng, còng, càng

    ReadingsEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: khùng
    : Nôm readings: cùng, khùng, còng, càng

    Etymology 1Edit

    AdjectiveEdit

    (khùng)

    1. crazy

    Etymology 2Edit

    NounEdit

    (càng)

    1. nipper, pincer

    ReferencesEdit