See also: , , and
U+8F9B, 辛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8F9B

[U+8F9A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8F9C]
U+2F9F, ⾟
KANGXI RADICAL BITTER

[U+2F9E]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FA0]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 160, +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿十 (YTJ), four-corner 00401, composition or ⿱𢆉)

  1. Kangxi radical #160, .

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1250, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38630
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1729, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4036, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8F9B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Spring and Autumn Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
         

Pictogram (象形) – Picture of a tool - a carving knife or a chisel - used to mark slaves and criminals. Its original version is 䇂.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-sin (liver; heart; bile; bitter).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/sin/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sin/
Li
Rong
/siĕn/
Wang
Li
/sĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xīn xīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sin › ‹ sin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]i[n]/ /*si[n]/
English pungent; painful 8th heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13810
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*siŋ/
Notes
𠞂

DefinitionsEdit

  1. spicy; hot; pungent
      ―  xīn  ―  spicy
  2. hard; laborious; toilsome
      ―  xīn  ―  laborious
  3. suffering; hardship; misery
      ―  xīnsuān  ―  bitter
  4. The eighth of the ten heavenly stems.
  5. (in a list) eighth; number 8; VIII
  6. (organic chemistry) octa-
  7. (mathematics) symplectic
  8. A surname​.

Coordinate termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. spicy
  2. bitter
  3. hot
  4. acrid

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: S
on’yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

From Middle Chinese (sin)

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(しん) (Shin

  1. the eighth of the ten Heavenly Stems

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かのと
Grade: S
kun’yomi

(Ka, Metal, one of the Five Elements) +‎ (no, attributive marker) +‎ (oto, younger brother)

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(かのと) (Kanoto

  1. the eighth of the ten Heavenly Stems

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 매울 (mae-ul sin))

  1. bitter
  2. toilsome, laborious
  3. 8th heavenly stem

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tân, tăn, tơn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.