See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 160 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿十 (YTJ), four-corner 00401, composition)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1250, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38630
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1729, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4036, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8F9B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) – Picture of a tool used to mark slaves and criminals.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-sin ‎(liver; heart; bile; bitter).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/sin/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sin/
Li
Rong
/siĕn/
Wang
Li
/sĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xīn xīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sin › ‹ sin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]i[n]/ /*si[n]/
English pungent; painful 8th heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13810
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*siŋ/
Notes 𠞂

DefinitionsEdit

  1. spicy; hot; pungent
      ―  xīn  ―  spicy
  2. hard; laborious; toilsome
      ―  xīn  ―  laborious
  3. suffering; hardship; misery
      ―  xīnsuān  ―  bitter
  4. The eighth of the ten heavenly stems.
  5. (in a list) eighth; number 8; VIII
  6. (organic chemistry) octa-
  7. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer shin, sin, Yale sin)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tân, tăn, tơn, tăng)

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