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U+8F9B, 辛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8F9B

[U+8F9A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8F9C]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 160, +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿十 (YTJ), four-corner 00401, composition or ⿱𢆉)

  1. Kangxi radical #160, .

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1250, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38630
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1729, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4036, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8F9B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰin, *sʰins
*sʰin, *sʰins
*sʰins, *sʰrins
*sʰins, *ʔsrin, *sʰrins
*siŋ
*siŋ
*siŋ
*sʰrins
*sʰrins
*t͡sʰrinh
*sriŋ
*seŋ
*seŋ
*seŋ

Pictogram (象形) – Picture of a tool - a carving knife or a chisel - used to mark slaves and criminals.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-sin (liver; heart; bile; bitter).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/sin/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sin/
Li
Rong
/siĕn/
Wang
Li
/sĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xīn xīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sin › ‹ sin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]i[n]/ /*si[n]/
English pungent; painful 8th heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13810
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*siŋ/
Notes
𠞂

DefinitionsEdit

  1. spicy; hot; pungent
      ―  xīn  ―  spicy
  2. hard; laborious; toilsome
      ―  xīn  ―  laborious
  3. suffering; hardship; misery
      ―  xīnsuān  ―  bitter
  4. The eighth of the ten heavenly stems.
  5. (in a list) eighth; number 8; VIII
  6. (organic chemistry) octa-
  7. (mathematics) symplectic
  8. A surname​.

Coordinate termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of (“spicy”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) , 辛辣
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Harbin
Jinan
Muping
Wanrong
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Chengdu
Guiyang
Liuzhou
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
Hong Kong (Ting Kok)
Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau)
Taishan
Dongguan
Kuala Lumpur
Ho Chi Minh City
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Senai
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan ,
Taichung
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang ,
Singapore ,
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Thailand (Bangkok)
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Pinghua Nanning
Shehua Fu'an
Fuding
Luoyuan
Sanming
Shunchang
Hua'an
Guixi
Cangnan
Jingning
Lishui
Longyou
Chaozhou
Fengshun
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Tangxi 辣農
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha
Loudi

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. spicy
  2. bitter
  3. hot
  4. acrid

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: S
on’yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

From Middle Chinese (sin)

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana しん, rōmaji Shin)

  1. the eighth of the ten Heavenly Stems

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かのと
Grade: S
kun’yomi

(Ka, Metal, one of the Five Elements) +‎ (no, attributive marker) +‎ (oto, younger brother)

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana かのと, rōmaji Kanoto)

  1. the eighth of the ten Heavenly Stems

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 매울 (mae-ul sin))

  1. bitter
  2. toilsome, laborious
  3. 8th heavenly stem

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tân, tăn, tơn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.