See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
辛-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
辛-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – Picture of a tool used to mark slaves and criminals.

ReferencesEdit

  • “辛”, in 字源[1] (in Mandarin), accessed 2014-02-22

Han characterEdit

(radical 160 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿十 (YTJ), four-corner 00401, composition)

  1. fiery, piquant, hot
  2. toilsome, laborious
  3. the eighth of the ten heavenly stems
  4. a surname

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1250, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38630
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1729, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4036, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8F9B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siɪn/ /si̯ĕn/ /siĕn/ /sin/ /sin/ /sĭĕn/ /sjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīn ‹ sin › /*[s]i[n]/ pungent; painful
xīn ‹ sin › /*si[n]/ 8th heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13810 2 /*siŋ/ 甲文象黥刺刀具,𠞂(皮傷)初文

AdjectiveEdit

  1. spicy, hot, pungent
    辛辣 (xīnlà)
  2. hard, laborious
    辛苦 (xīnkǔ)
  3. suffering
    辛酸 (xīnsuān)

NounEdit

  1. eighth, 8, H, VIII (used for unnamed people or object, to enumarate headings in a list, for grade)

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​.
  2. the eighth of the ten heavenly stems (天干 (tiāngān)).

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • 天干 (tiāngān, “the Heavenly Stems”)

ReferencesEdit

  • (Mandarin) “辛”, in MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT )[2] (in Mandarin/English), accessed 2014-02-18
  • (Min Nan) “Entry #3409”, in 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Min Nan), Ministry of Education, R.O.C., 2011.

JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer shin, sin, Yale sin)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tân, tăn, tơn, tăng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language