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See also:
U+88B4, 袴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-88B4

[U+88B3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+88B5]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 145, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中大一尸 (LKMS), composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1115, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34236
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1581, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3088, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+88B4

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qaːls
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraː, *kʰʷraːs, *kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷraː, *kʰʷraːʔ, *kʰʷraːs, *kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷraː
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*kʰʷraːʔ
*ɢʷraː, *qʷaː
*ɡʷraːs
*pɢʷaː, *kʰʷaː
*qʰʷl'aː
*kʰʷaː, *qʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaː
*kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷaːs
*kʰʷaːs
*qʰaː
洿 *ɡʷaːʔ, *qʷaː
*ɡʷlaː, *ɡʷlaːs
*ɢʷlaːʔ
*qʷaː, *qʷaːs
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaː
*qʷaːs, *ɢʷa
*qʰʷl'a
*qʰʷl'a
*pqʰʷa, *qʰʷa
*qʰʷla, *ɢʷla
*qʰʷa, *ɢʷas
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷa, *qʷa
*qʰʷa
*qʰʷaʔ
*qʷa
*qʷa
*qʷa, *qʷaʔ, *ɢʷa
*qʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa, *ɢʷas
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷa
*ɢʷla
*ɢʷaʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰʷaːs): semantic  (cloth) + phonetic  (OC *kʰʷraː) – a type of clothing.

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“pants; trousers”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“hip; groin”).
(This character, , is an ancient variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for namesshinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. traditional Japanese loose trousers

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
(hakama, traditional Japanese trousers)
Kanji in this term
はかま
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Attested in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.

Appears to be a compound deriving ultimately from 穿か (haka, the 未然形 (mizenkei, incomplete form) or a sound shift from some other conjugation of verb 穿く (haku, to pull onto the lower body (such as trousers))) +‎ (ma, robes, sound shift from expected reading mo).[1]

The loincloth sense is attested earlier in the Nihon Shoki, finished in 720 CE.[2] Other sources[1] also cite the Nihon Shoki for the trousers sense, possibly suggesting confusion regarding the meaning of the term as used in that text.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana はかま, rōmaji hakama)

  1. hakama: a type of traditional Japanese trousers
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (poem 74)
       () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
       (おみ) () (たへ) (はかま) (なな) ()をし (には) ()たして足結 (あよひ) (なだ) [Modern spelling]
      omi no ko wa tae no hakama o nanae oshi niwa ni tatashite ayoi nadasu mo
      (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. (botany) a leaf sheath
  3. a holder for a heated bottle of saké
  4. (rare, possibly obsolete) a kind of traditional Japanese loincloth
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (page 562)
       () () () () [...] [Man'yōgana]
       ()めて (はかま) ()かしめて [...] [Modern spelling]
      semete hakama o nikashimete...
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    Synonym: (fundoshi)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC kʰuoH).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji ko)

  1. (rare) hakama: a type of traditional Japanese trousers
  2. (rare) momohiki: traditional Japanese closefitting workman's trousers
    Synonym: 股引き (momohiki)
  3. (historical, military): prior to World War II, the general term for trousers in the Imperial Japanese Army
    Synonym: ズボン (zubon)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(go, gwa)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: go, gwa, McCune–Reischauer: ko, kwa, Yale: ko, kwa)
    • Name (hangeul): 바지, 사타구니 (revised: baji, sataguni, McCune–Reischauer: paji, sat'aguni, Yale: paci, sathakwuni)
  1. trousers, pants (US)
  2. crotch, groin