See also: , , and
U+5B87, 宇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B87

[U+5B86]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B88]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 40, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十一木 (JMD), four-corner 30401, composition )

Descendants

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 282, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7067
  • Dae Jaweon: page 551, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 911, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5B87

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𡧃

Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ɢʷaʔ) : semantic (house) + phonetic (OC *ɢʷa)

Etymology

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"eaves" > "abode, estate, territory"
Unclear: either related to (OC *ɢʷaʔ, *ɢʷas, “wings”) (i.e. 'wings' of house?) (e.g. as suggested by Shiming[1]) or related to stem *wa under (OC *hwaŋh)
"space"
(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From "abode" < "eaves"?”)
universe
(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From "space" < "abode" < "eaves"”)

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter hjuX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ɣioX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jyu5
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ/
English eaves

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15719
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaʔ/

Definitions

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  1. eaves
  2. house, chamber, bower; building, structure
  3. border, frontier, boundary
  4. universe, cosmos

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC hjuX).

Pronunciation

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Counter

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() (-u

  1. Counter for buildings, roofs, etc.

Affix

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() (u

  1. eaves; roof; house; building
  2. the whole world; universe (Can we add an example for this sense?)
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Proper noun

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(さかい) (Sakai

  1. a female given name

Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC hjuX). Recorded as Middle Korean 우〯 () (Yale: ) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Pronunciation

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  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [u(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (jip u))

  1. Hanja form? of (whole world; universe).
  2. Hanja form? of (house).

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: , , thủy/thuỷ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.