See also:
U+5401, 吁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5401

[U+5400]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5402]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 30, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 口一木 (RMD), four-corner 61040, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 174, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3275
  • Dae Jaweon: page 387, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 575, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5401

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰʷa, *ɢʷas): semantic (mouth) + phonetic (OC *ɢʷa).

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to appeal; to plead; to call”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (32) (35)
Final () (24) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨo/ /ɦɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hio/ /ɦioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xio/ /ɣioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/huə̆/ /ɦuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/xio/ /ɣioH/
Wang
Li
/xĭu/ /ɣĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯u/ /i̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
heoi1 jyu6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ xju ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʷʰ(r)a/
English pained

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 15694 15721
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰʷa/ /*ɢʷas/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to sigh
  2. huh! (used to express surprise or doubt)
  3. worried
  4. a surname
  5. Alternative form of ().
  1. Used in 欷吁.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Mainland China) (used to stop animals from advancing) whoa!

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • Go-on: (u); (ku)
  • Kan-on: (u); (ku)
  • Kun: あう (au)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune–Reischauer yu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: hu[1][2][3], [3], u[2]
: Nôm readings: hu[2][3][4], hủ[1][5], vo[1], vu[1], xu[3]

  1. chữ Hán form of (to scare someone with a surprise).
  2. chữ Hán form of (sound of the blowing wind).

ReferencesEdit