TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 118 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹一木 (HMD), four-corner 88401)

  1. an ancient free reed mouth organ consisting of bamboo pipes fixed in a wind chest; it was similar to the sheng but generally larger
  2. a kind of musical instrument with 36 reeds

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 877, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25851
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1306, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2948, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7AFD

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping jyu1, jyu4, Yale yu1, yu4)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (*hju). Compare modern Mandarin ().[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji u)

  1. a woodwind instrument introduced to Japan from China during the Nara period, similar to a (shō, a kind of free-reed woodwind instrument), but larger and one octave lower in pitch
    This instrument fell out of use for 雅楽 (gagaku, court music) in the mid-Heian period, and was later reconstructed after World War II based in part on artifacts at the Shōsōin.

IdiomsEdit

  • 竽 (う)を好 (この)むに瑟 (しつ)を鼓 (こ)す (u o konomu ni shitsu o kosu): “to play a bass koto to someone who likes the u” → to do something that doesn't suit a person's tastes or preferences

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune-Reischauer u, Yale wu)


MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (yu2), Wade-Giles 2)

CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hio)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vu)

Last modified on 20 March 2014, at 19:05