Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 118 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹一木 (HMD), four-corner 88401)

  1. an ancient free reed mouth organ consisting of bamboo pipes fixed in a wind chest; it was similar to the sheng but generally larger
  2. a kind of musical instrument with 36 reeds

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 877, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25851
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1306, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2948, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7AFD

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦio/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆/
Li
Rong
/ɣio/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hju ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)a/
English reed organ

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15709
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷa/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese ‎(*hju). Compare modern Mandarin ‎().[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji u)

  1. a woodwind instrument introduced to Japan from China during the Nara period, similar to a ‎(shō, a kind of free-reed woodwind instrument), but larger and one octave lower in pitch
    This instrument fell out of use for 雅楽 ‎(gagaku, court music) in the mid-Heian period, and was later reconstructed after World War II based in part on artifacts at the Shōsōin.

IdiomsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune-Reischauer u, Yale wu)

  1. flute
  2. chief

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(vu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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