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See also:
U+8CC0, 賀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CC0
貿
[U+8CBF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CC1]

TranslingualEdit

 
賀 in several fonts

Han characterEdit

(radical 154, +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 大口月山金 (KRBUC), four-corner 46806, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1207, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36725
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1671, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3636, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8CC0

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
妿 *kaːl, *qaːl
*ɡaːls
*ka, *kal, *kraːl
*ɡa, *ɡal, *kraːl
*ɡa, *ɡal
*ɡa, *ɡal, *kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːl
*kraːls
*kraːls
*ɡʷal

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaːls): phonetic  (OC *kraːl) + semantic  (shellfish money).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɑH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ haH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-kˁaj-s/
English congratulate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5862
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to congratulate
  2. to send present
  3. A surname​.
    /   ―  Zhīzhāng  ―  He Zhizhang / He Chih-chang (a Chinese poet, one of the Eight Immortals of the Wine Cup)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. congratulate, greet, celebrate

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
goon

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɑH).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji ga)

  1. congratulation

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ha) (hangeul , revised ha, McCune–Reischauer ha, Yale ha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hạ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.