See also:
U+99D5, 駕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-99D5

[U+99D4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+99D6]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 187, +5, 15 strokes, cangjie input 大口尸手火 (KRSQF), four-corner 46327, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1436, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44667
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1960, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4550, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+99D5

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kraːls): phonetic (OC *kraːl) + semantic .

EtymologyEdit

The exopassive of (OC *kraːl, “to add; to attach”). Cognate with Tibetan ཁྲལ (khral, to impose a tax) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨH/
Li
Rong
/kaH/
Wang
Li
/kaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jià
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jià
Middle
Chinese
‹ H ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁraj-s/
English hitch horses to a chariot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5884
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to drive; to sail; to fly
  2. giddyup (interjection)
  3. (historical) cart; carriage
  4. (historical) emperor's carriage
  5. (figurative) emperor

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

() (ga (historical kana )

  1. vehicle; horse-drawn carriage
IdiomsEdit

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠaH).

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 멍에 (meong-e ga))

  1. Hanja form? of (cart; carriage).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(giá)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN