Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 162 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹日 (YHA), four-corner 36300, composition)

  1. coerce, force, compel
  2. urgent

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1255, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38797
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1738, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3825, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8FEB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰo⁵¹/
/pʰai²¹⁴/
Harbin /pʰai²¹³/
/pʰɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /pʰo¹³/
Jinan /pʰei²¹³/
Qingdao /pʰə⁵⁵/
/pʰe⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pʰɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /pei⁵³/
Xining /pʰɨ²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰia¹³/
/pʰuə¹³/
/pʰɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /pʰə¹³/
Ürümqi /pʰɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /pʰɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰe³¹/
Guiyang /pʰɛ²¹/
Kunming /pʰə³¹/
Nanjing /pʰəʔ⁵/
Hefei /pʰɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
Pingyao /pʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰiaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /pʰaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /pəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /pʰɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰɛʔ²¹/
Tunxi /pʰa⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pʰə²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /pʰɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /pit̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /pek̚⁵/
Nanning /pek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pik̚⁵/
/pak̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰɔyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbek̚⁵/ 訓逼
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣæk̚/ /pɐk̚/ /pɐk̚/ /pɯak̚/ /paɨjk̚/ /pɐk̚/ /pak̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pæk › /*Cə.pˤrak/ near; press

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
195 0 /*praːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bak) (hangeul , revised bak, McCune-Reischauer pak, Yale pak)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bách, bạch, bích)

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