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U+52D2, 勒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52D2

[U+52D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52D3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 19 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿十大尸 (TJKS), four-corner 44527, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 148, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2386
  • Dae Jaweon: page 333, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 374, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+52D2

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯɡ
*rɯɡ
*rɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯːɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *rɯɡ).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: lēi - vernacular (“to tie tight”) - lè - literary (other senses).
Note:
  • lia̍k/le̍k/liak - literary;
  • leh/le̍h - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /lɤ⁵¹/
    Harbin /lɤ²¹³/ ~令
    /lei⁴⁴/ ~緊
    Tianjin /lei²¹/
    /lɤ⁵³/
    Jinan /lə²¹³/
    /lei²¹³/
    Qingdao /lə⁴²/
    /le⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /lɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /lei²¹/
    Xining /lɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /lia¹³/
    /lə¹³/
    Lanzhou /lə¹³/
    Ürümqi /lei⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /nɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /ne³¹/
    /nie³¹/
    Guiyang /lɛ²¹/
    Kunming /lə³¹/
    Nanjing /ləʔ⁵/
    Hefei /laɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /liəʔ²/
    Pingyao /lʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ləʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ləʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ləʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ləʔ²/
    Wenzhou /le²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /le²²/
    Tunxi
    Xiang Changsha /lə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /næ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /lɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /let̚⁵/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /lɐk̚²/
    Nanning /lɐk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /lɐk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lik̚⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lɛiʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lɛ⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /lek̚⁵/
    /lek̚³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (131)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lək̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lək̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lək̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lək̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /lək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /lək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lok › ‹ lok ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]ˤək/ /*[r]ˤək/
    English engrave bridle

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7844
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rɯːɡ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. bridle (with a bit)
    2. to rein in; to restrain
    3. to command; to lead; to lay out (forces)
    4. (colloquial) to strap tightly; to bind tight; to strangle; to tighten
    5. to restrict; to limit
    6. to compel; to force
    7. to cut; to carve; to engrave
    8. to compile; to bind (to make a book)
    9. to write; to draw; to depict
    10. to extort; to blackmail
    11. to tantalise; to provoke
    12. Short for 勒克司 (“lux”).
    13. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (“modal particle”).

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. halter and bit

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    ろく
    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    Middle Chinese

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ろく, rōmaji roku)

    1. bit (metal in horse's mouth)
    2. headstall
    3. the second of the Eight Principles of Yong

    HypernymsEdit

    Coordinate termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (reuk) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (lặc, lắc, lấc, lật, lất)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.