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U+52D2, 勒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52D2

[U+52D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52D3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 19 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿十大尸 (TJKS), four-corner 44527, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 148, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2386
  • Dae Jaweon: page 333, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 374, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+52D2

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ, *rɯɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯːɡ
*rɯɡ
*rɯɡ
*rɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rɯːɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *rɯɡ).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: lēi - vernacular (“to tie tight”) - lè - literary (other senses).
Note:
  • lia̍k/le̍k/liak - literary;
  • leh/le̍h - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/lək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lək̚/
Li
Rong
/lək̚/
Wang
Li
/lək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lok › ‹ lok ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˤək/ /*[r]ˤək/
English engrave bridle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7844
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rɯːɡ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bridle (with a bit)
  2. to rein in; to restrain
  3. to command; to lead; to lay out (forces)
  4. (colloquial) to strap tightly; to bind tight; to strangle; to tighten
  5. to restrict; to limit
  6. to compel; to force
  7. to cut; to carve; to engrave
  8. to compile; to bind (to make a book)
  9. to write; to draw; to depict
  10. to extort; to blackmail
  11. to tantalise; to provoke
  12. Short for 勒克司 (“lux”).
  13. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (“modal particle”).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ろく
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

Middle Chinese

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ろく, rōmaji roku)

  1. bit (metal in horse's mouth)
  2. headstall
  3. the second of the Eight Principles of Yong

HypernymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(reuk) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lặc, lắc, lấc, lật, lất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.