See also:
U+9248, 鉈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9248

[U+9247]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9249]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 167, +5, 13 strokes, cangjie input 金十心 (CJP), four-corner 83111, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1300, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40289
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1802, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4191, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9248

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/2
Initial () (25) (26)
Final () (100) (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑia/ /ɕiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑia/ /ɕiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑia/ /ɕjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑia/ /ɕiə̆/
Li
Rong
/ʑia/ /ɕie/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭa/ /ɕǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯a/ /ɕie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ché shī
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
se4 si1
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12231 12233
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljaːl/ /*hljal/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. spear; lance

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“Yi; basin; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3Edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. counterweight of the steelyard balance

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

trad.
simp.
Chemical element
Tl
Previous: (Hg)
Next: (Pb)

From New Latin thallium.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. thallium

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. hatchet, billhook, machete, froe

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
なた
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
𨦈 (rare)
 
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From Old Japanese (nata). Appears in the Nihon Shoki of 720 C.E..[1]

Possibly related to Old Japanese (na, blade, edge).

Possibly cognate with Korean (nat), Korean 나대 (nadae) of similar meanings as Japanese (nata).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(なた) (nata

  1. a hatchet, a billhook, a machete, a froe: a broad term for a one-handed thick-bladed cutting tool, generally used for cutting through wood or vegetation; the blade may be in various shapes depending on intended use, either straight or curved, long or short
  2. (sumo) a technique of bending one's elbow and attacking an opponent's throat or chest with one's forearm (so called for the way the bent-elbow arm shape resembles certain varieties of nata woodworking tools)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN