See also:
U+95A9, 閩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-95A9

[U+95A8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+95AA]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 169, +6, 14 strokes, cangjie input 日弓中一戈 (ANLMI), four-corner 77136, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1335, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41315
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1841, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4295, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+95A9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𨷷

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mrɯn, *mɯn): phonetic (OC *mɯːn) + semantic (snake). The radical was a common component of the names of barbarians (Schuessler, 2007), probably reflecting the Min people's worship of snakes (Li, 2017).

EtymologyEdit

Matisoff (2003) relates it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-b/m-ruːl (snake), but this comparison is no longer held in STEDT.

In most modern Min dialects and some other southern dialects (including Hakka and Xiang), it is read with a level tone (平聲), which is the expected reflex based on rime dictionaries. In Mandarin and the remaining southern dialects, it is read with a rising tone (上聲), probably due to analogy with the phonetic component of (MC mˠiɪnX) (Li, 2017).

PronunciationEdit


Note: man4 - uncommon.
Note:
  • bân - vernacular;
  • bîn - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (4) (4)
    Final () (44) (59)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Closed
    Division () Chongniu III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mˠiɪn/ /mɨun/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mᵚin/ /miun/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mien/ /miuən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mjin/ /mun/
    Li
    Rong
    /mjĕn/ /miuən/
    Wang
    Li
    /mǐĕn/ /mĭuən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯ĕn/ /mi̯uən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    mín wén
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    mǐn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ min ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mrə[n]/
    English southern tribes

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 8956 8966
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mrɯn/ /*mɯn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Min people (ancient ethnic group)
    2. (~江) Min River (a river in Fujian, China)
    3. Fujian
    4. (~語, 方言) Min languages
    5. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    See alsoEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (min) (hangeul , revised min, McCune–Reischauer min, Yale min)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (mân)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.