Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mrɯn, *mɯn): phonetic 門 (OC *mɯːn) + semantic 虫 (“snake”). The 虫 radical was a common component of the names of barbarians (Schuessler, 2007), probably reflecting the Min people's worship of snakes (Li, 2017).
In most modern Min dialects and some other southern dialects (including Hakka and Xiang), it is read with a level tone (平聲), which is the expected reflex based on rime dictionaries. In Mandarin and the remaining southern dialects, it is read with a rising tone (上聲), probably due to analogy with the phonetic component of 閔 (MC mˠiɪnX) (Li, 2017).
This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.
- Min people (ancient ethnic group)
- (～江) Min River (a river in Fujian, China)
- (～語, ～方言) Min languages
- A surname.
閩 • (min) (hangeul 민, revised min, McCune–Reischauer min, Yale min)
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