See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 中戈廿土戈 (LITGI), four-corner 58153, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1099, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2898, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+87FB

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (13)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋˠiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋᵚiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋjiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ŋjeX/
Wang
Li
/ŋǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjeX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-qʰ(r)ajʔ/
English ant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13049
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋralʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ant
  2. foam or sediment in wine
  3. humble, inconsiderable
  4. black
  5. in an assembled manner
  6. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 螞蟻 ("ant")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical 螞蟻
Mandarin Beijing 螞蟻
Taiwan 螞蟻
Tianjin 螞蟻
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蟻公
Liudui (S. Sixian) 蟻公
Hsinchu (Hailu) 蟻公
Dongshi (Dabu) 蟻公
Taiwanese Raoping 蟻公
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蟻子
Min Dong Fuzhou 紅蟻黃蟻
Min Nan Quanzhou 狗蟻
Xiamen 狗蟻
Zhangzhou 狗蟻
Taipei 狗蟻
Kaohsiung 狗蟻
Tainan 狗蟻
Taichung 狗蟻
Yilan 狗蟻
Lukang 狗蟻
Sanxia 狗蟻
Kinmen 狗蟻
Magong 狗蟻
Hsinchu 狗蟻
Malaysia
Wu Shanghai 螞蟻
Wenzhou [[火蟻[fʋʷ˥˦ ŋa˨˦]]]

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. ant
ReadingsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ngjeX). Compare modern Cantonese traditional and simplified ‎(ngai5).

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji gi)

  1. ant
Usage notesEdit

This reading is only found in compounds. When the character is used on its own, it is always read as the kun'yomi of ari.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
あり
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Unknown. From Old Japanese, but ultimate derivation remains a mystery. There are potentially interesting similarities to Korean 아리 (ari, “leg”) and 아래 (arae, “below, beneath”), but evidence is lacking.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あり, romaji ari)

  1. ant
IdiomsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ありのこ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(ari, ant) +‎ ‎(no, possessive particle) +‎ ‎(ko, child; small thing).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ありのこ, romaji arinoko)

  1. (obsolete) an ant, particularly one without wings
  2. (obsolete) an ant egg or larva
Usage notesEdit

The spelling of for ari no ko is generally only seen in old texts. In modern Japanese, this term is much more commonly spelled as 蟻の子.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), ISBN 4-7629-3088-1.

KikaiEdit

KanjiEdit

ReadingsEdit

  • Native: あーにー (ānī), あに (ani), あい (ai)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あーにー, romaji ānī)

  1. ant

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. ant

Oki-No-ErabuEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

  1. ant

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

  1. ant

CompoundsEdit


Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. ant

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nghĩ, nghị)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あや, romaji aya)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あや, romaji aya)

  1. ant
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