See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 中戈廿土戈 (LITGI), four-corner 58153, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1099, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33672
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2898, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+87FB

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (31)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiᴇX/ /ŋie̯X/ /ŋieX/ /ŋiɛX/ /ŋiə̆X/ /ŋǐeX/ /ŋjɛX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngjeX › /*m-qʰ(r)ajʔ/ ant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13049 1 /*ŋralʔ/ 同螘本作蛾此見孫子

NounEdit

  1. ant
  2. foam or sediment in wine

Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

  1. humble, inconsiderable
  2. black

AdverbEdit

  1. in an assembled manner

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. ant
ReadingsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ngjeX). Compare modern Cantonese traditional and simplified ‎(ngai5).

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji gi)

  1. ant
Usage notesEdit

This reading is only found in compounds. When the character is used on its own, it is always read as the kun'yomi of ari.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
あり
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Unknown. From Old Japanese, but ultimate derivation remains a mystery. There are potentially interesting similarities to Korean 아리 (ari, “leg”) and 아래 (arae, “below, beneath”), but evidence is lacking.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あり, romaji ari)

  1. ant
IdiomsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ありのこ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(ari, ant) +‎ ‎(no, possessive particle) +‎ ‎(ko, child; small thing).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ありのこ, romaji arinoko)

  1. (obsolete) an ant, particularly one without wings
  2. (obsolete) an ant egg or larva
Usage notesEdit

The spelling of for ari no ko is generally only seen in old texts. In modern Japanese, this term is much more commonly spelled as 蟻の子.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), ISBN 4-7629-3088-1.

KikaiEdit

KanjiEdit

ReadingsEdit

  • Native: あーにー (ānī), あに (ani), あい (ai)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あーにー, romaji ānī)

  1. ant

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ui) (hangeul , revised ui, McCune-Reischauer ŭi, Yale uy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. ant

Oki-No-ErabuEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あに, romaji ani)

  1. ant

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あい, romaji ai)

  1. ant

CompoundsEdit


Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. ant

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nghĩ, nghị)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あや, romaji aya)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Old Japanese ‎(ari, ant).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あや, romaji aya)

  1. ant
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