ش

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See also: س and س-

ش U+0634, ش
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN
س
[U+0633]
Arabic ص
[U+0635]
U+FEB5, ﺵ
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN ISOLATED FORM

[U+FEB4]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB6]
U+FEB6, ﺶ
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN FINAL FORM

[U+FEB5]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB7]
U+FEB7, ﺷ
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN INITIAL FORM

[U+FEB6]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB8]
U+FEB8, ﺸ
ARABIC LETTER SHEEN MEDIAL FORM

[U+FEB7]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FEB9]

Arabic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Semitic *šinn- (tooth), the source of سن (sinn). The association of "tooth" with this letter was the result of folk etymology and based on the corresponding Phoenician letter, 𐤔 (š), having a shape resembling a tooth. The letter originally depicted a composite bow, which usually has the tips curving away from the archer when unstrung.[1][2]

Related to Classical Syriac ܫ, Hebrew ש, Phoenician 𐤔 (š), Aramaic ܫ. More at Shin.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ش / ش‍ / ‍ش‍ / ‍ش (šīn)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by س (s) and followed by ص ().

Symbol edit

ش / ش‍ / ‍ش‍ / ‍ش (šīn)

  1. The twenty-first letter in traditional abjad order, which is used in place of numerals for list numbering (abjad numerals). It is preceded by ر (r) and followed by ت (t).

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ shin”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.
  2. ^ Albright, W. F. (1948). "The Early Alphabetic Inscriptions from Sinai and their Decipherment". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. 110 (110): 6–22 [p. 15].

Balti edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ش (transliteration needed)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Balti alphabet, written in the Perso-Arabic script

Burushaski edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ش (ś)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Burushaski alphabet, written in the Perso-Arabic script

Chinese edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ش

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Xiao'erjing abjad.

Usage notes edit

  • This letter is also used to represent Pinyin initial x-.

Iraqi Arabic edit

Etymology edit

Clipping of شنو (šinu). Compare Moroccan Arabic ش (š, what), Maltese x’ (what)

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

ش (š)

  1. (interrogative) what
    شاسمك ؟ (to a male)šismak?What's your name?

Kashmiri edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ش (ś)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the traditional alphabet chart of Kashmiri.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: س (s)
  • Next letter: ص

Kazakh edit

Alternative scripts
Arabic ش
Cyrillic Ш, ш
Latin Ş, ş
Yañalif C, c

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ش (ş)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Kazakh in Arabic Script. It represents the Cyrillic letter Ш.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also edit

Khowar edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ش (šīn)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Khowar abjad.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: س
  • Next letter: ݰ

Malay edit

 
Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ش / ش‍ / ‍ش‍ / ‍ش

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Arabic script.

See also edit

Pashto edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ش (šin)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Pashto alphabet.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: س
  • Next letter: ښ

Persian edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Persian 𐭱𐭭 (-išn).

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

ـش (-eš)

  1. A rough equivalent of -tion or -ment, appended to the present stem of a verb, resulting in a noun describing the action of that verb.

Usage notes edit

Present stems ending in a long vowel add ـیـ (-y-) before this suffix, for example the present stem of the verb پالودن (pâludan) being پالا (pâlâ), the resulting noun is پالایش (pâlâyeš, refinement).

See also edit

Letter edit

شٍ (šin)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Perso-Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by س and followed by ص. Its name is شین.

Punjabi edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ʃiːn̪/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ʃᵊ/

Letter edit

ش (šīn)

  1. The nineteenth letter of Punjabi in the Shahmukhi script.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: س (sīn)
  • Next letter: ص (ṣwāt)

Sindhi edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ش (šīn)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Sindhi abjad.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: س
  • Next letter: ص

South Levantine Arabic edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

ـش ()

  1. don't, didn't (negation of verbs)
    Synonyms: ما (), (imperative) لا (la)
    بحكيش إنكليزيbiḥkīš ʔinglīzihe doesn't speak English
    (file)
    ما بحكيش إنكليزيma biḥkīš ʔinglīzihe doesn't speak English
    (file)
    تنساشtinsāšdon't forget
    (file)
    ما تنساشma tinsāšdon't forget
    (file)
    ما كتبشma katabšhe didn't write
    (file)

Usage notes edit

  • ـش () shifts the stress to the end of the verbal phrase, lengthening final vowels.
  • ـش () may be used by itself or together with ما (ma); in the past tense, however, ما (ma) is required.

See also edit

Urdu edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ش (śīn)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Urdu abjad.
Forms edit
Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ
See also edit
  • Previous letter: س (s)
  • Next letter: ص (s)

Etymology 2 edit

From Classical Persian ـش (-iš).

Suffix edit

ـش (-iś)

  1. A suffix used in many nouns borrowed from Persian, and also in certain native words. This is a rough equivalent of -tion or -ment, making a noun for the action of the verb.
Usage notes edit

Persian nouns ending in a long vowel that add ـیـ (-y-) in Persian before this suffix, usually become ـئـ (-i-) due to modified pronunciation. In certain instances, ـیـ (-i-) remains or is one of the acceptable spellings. For example, Persian آزمایش (âzmâyeš) is normally spelled as Urdu آزمائش (āzmāiś).

Uyghur edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ش (she)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Uyghur alphabet.

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: س (s)
  • Next letter: غ (gh)

Yoruba edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ش ()

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Yoruba alphabet in the ajami script, equivalent to Latin script .

Forms edit

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ش ـش ـشـ شـ

See also edit

  • Previous letter: س
  • Next letter: ت