See also: lik, lík, and -lık

AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch -lijk.

SuffixEdit

-lik

  1. Forming adjectives from nouns with the sense of ‘characteristic of, pertaining to’.

Derived termsEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with Turkish -lik (-ness).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

preceding vowel
A / I E / Ə / İ O / U Ö / Ü
-lıq -lik -luq -lük

-lik

  1. used to derive abstract nouns from adjectives; -ness, -hood, -ship, -dom, -ity
    gözəl (beautiful) + ‎-lik → ‎gözəllik (beauty)
    ölməz (immortal) + ‎-lik → ‎ölməzlik (immortality)
    boş (empty) + ‎-lik → ‎boşluq (emptiness)
  2. used to derive abstract nouns from nouns; -ship
    üzv (member) + ‎-lik → ‎üzvlük (membership)
    dost (friend) + ‎-lik → ‎dostluq (friendship)
  3. used to derive nouns denoting work/jobs from nouns denoting professions
    müəllim (teacher) + ‎-lik → ‎müəllimlik (teaching, the work of a teacher)
    qəssab (butcher) + ‎-lik → ‎qəssablıq (butchery, the trade of a butcher)
  4. used to derive nouns denoting items containing something; -ory
    söz (word) + ‎-lik → ‎sözlük (word-list; dictionary)
    öd (gall) + ‎-lik → ‎ödlük (gall bladder)
    ox (arrow) + ‎-lik → ‎oxluq (quiver)
  5. used to derive nouns denoting places characterized by abundance of something from nouns
    ağac (tree) + ‎-lik → ‎ağaclıq (a treey place, a place with many trees)
    kölgə (shadow) + ‎-lik → ‎kölgəlik (a shady place)
    ilan (snake) + ‎-lik → ‎ilanlıq (a place full of snake)
    bataq (swamp) + ‎-lik → ‎bataqlıq (a swampy place)
    ocaq (hearth) + ‎-lik → ‎ocaqlıq (hearthstead)
  6. used to derive adjectives from nouns; -ly
    ay (month) + ‎-lik → ‎aylıq (monthly)
    torba (bag) + ‎-lik → ‎torbalıq (intended to be used for sewing bags)
    dağ (mountain) + ‎-lik → ‎dağlıq (mountainous)
    beş nəfər (five people) + ‎-lik → ‎beş nəfərlik (intended for five people)
  7. used to derive temporal adverbs from temporal adverbs and nouns; for
    hələ (still) + ‎-lik → ‎hələlik (yet, still, for the time being)
    həmişə (always) + ‎-lik → ‎həmişəlik (for ever, permanently)
    ömür (lifetime) + ‎-lik → ‎ömürlük (for life)
  8. (non-productive) used to derive nouns denoting kinship other than by blood; step-
    ata (father) + ‎-lik → ‎atalıq (stepfather)
    ana (mother) + ‎-lik → ‎analıq (step-mother)
    oğul (son) + ‎-lik → ‎oğulluq (stepson)
    qız (daughter) + ‎-lik → ‎qızlıq (stepdaughter)
    bacı (sister) + ‎-lik → ‎bacılıq (stepsister)
    Synonym: ögey
  9. (non-productive) used to derive nouns denoting clothing items
    baş (head) + ‎-lik → ‎başlıq (bashlyk, hood)
    gəlin (bride) + ‎-lik → ‎gəlinlik (wedding dress)
    bazar (market; Sunday) + ‎-lik → ‎bazarlıq (bride's garments)

Usage notesEdit

Derived termsEdit


EstonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “From Germanic -līk?”)

SuffixEdit

-lik (genitive -liku, partitive -likku)

  1. -ly, -ic, -al - forms adjectives from nouns or verbs.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


GreenlandicEdit

SuffixEdit

-lik (n-n?, truncative?)

  1. having, provided with, owning

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


HungarianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

-l + -ik

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-lik

  1. (frequentative-reflexive verb-forming suffix) Added to a noun or adjective to form a verb.
    fény (light) + ‎-lik → ‎fénylik (to shine)
    kék (blue) + ‎-lik → ‎kéklik (to appear blue)

Usage notesEdit

The same form is used for both back and front vowel words.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


K'iche'Edit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-lik

  1. Forms adjectives from verbs
    li’ (to roll out dough)li’lik (flat)
    oq’etaj (to cry for something)oq’talik (cried for)
    muqtajik (to cover)muqtalik (buried)
  2. Forms adjectives from nouns
    jäb (rain)jäbalik (watered)
    kotokik (turn; bend)kotolik (coiled)

ReferencesEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-lik

  1. Alternative form of -ly (adjectival suffix)

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-lik

  1. Alternative form of -ly (adverbial suffix)

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the adjective lik (similar).

SuffixEdit

-lik

  1. -like, -ish

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish ـلك(-lik), from Proto-Turkic *-lik

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-lik

  1. -ness
    genç (young) + ‎-lik → ‎gençlik (youngness)
  2. -hood
    anne (mother) + ‎-lik → ‎annelik (motherhood)
  3. -ship
    üye (member) + ‎-lik → ‎üyelik (membership)
  4. ... container
    kalem (pencil) + ‎-lik → ‎kalemlik (pencil case)
  5. -dom
    kral (king) + ‎-lik → ‎krallık (kingdom)
    özgür (free) + ‎-lik → ‎özgürlük (freedom)

Usage notesEdit

  • It may change to -lık, -luk, -lük depending on the last vowel of the word.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Greek: -λίκι (-líki)

UzbekEdit

SuffixEdit

-lik

  1. -ness
  2. Suffix forming various demonyms.

Derived termsEdit