CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ottus (a kind of).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ot

  1. A suffix to form augmentatives.
    peix (fish) + ‎-ot → ‎peixot (large fish)
    peu + ‎-ot → ‎peuot
    clatell + ‎-ot → ‎clatellot
  2. A suffix used to form a masculine noun from a feminine noun that is a particular type of the root.
    cuixa (thigh) + ‎-ot → ‎cuixot (ham)
    illa (island) + ‎-ot → ‎illot (islet)
    ungla (fingernail) + ‎-ot → ‎unglot (cloven hoof)
  3. A suffix used to form a masculine noun from a feminine noun that that is the male with the root being the female.
    abella (bee) + ‎-ot → ‎abellot (drone)
    merla + ‎-ot → ‎merlot

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ot m

  1. Forms masculine nouns.

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • -ot in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Variant of -et, originally from Burgundy. See Burgundian -ôt.

SuffixEdit

-ot

  1. A diminutive indicator for certain words, functioning similarly to the more common -et. Used for some names:
    petit + ‎-ot → ‎petiot
    Pierre + ‎-ot → ‎Pierrot
    Charles + ‎-ot → ‎Charlot

Derived termsEdit

  • -oter (diminutive indicator for verbs)

HungarianEdit

Pronominal adverbs from case suffixes (cf. postpositions)
case suffix who? what? this that he/she
(it)*
v. pr. c.
nom. ki mi ez az ő* / Ø
az / Ø
acc. -t / -ot /
-at / -et / -öt
kit mit ezt azt őt* / Ø
azt / Ø
c1
c2
dat. -nak / -nek kinek minek ennek annak neki neki- c
ins. -val / -vel kivel mivel ezzel/
evvel
azzal/
avval
vele (vele-) c
c-f. -ért kiért miért ezért azért érte c
tra. -vá / -vé kivé mivé ezzé azzá c
ter. -ig meddig eddig addig c
e-f. -ként (kiként) (miként) ekként akként c
e-m. -ul / -ül c
ine. -ban / -ben kiben miben ebben abban benne c
sup. -n/-on/-en/-ön kin min ezen azon rajta (rajta-) c
ade. -nál / -nél kinél minél ennél annál nála c
ill. -ba / -be kibe mibe ebbe abba bele bele- c
sub. -ra / -re kire mire erre arra rá- c
all. -hoz/-hez/-höz kihez mihez ehhez ahhoz hozzá hozzá- c
el. -ból / -ből kiből miből ebből abból belőle c
del. -ról / -ről kiről miről erről arról róla c
abl. -tól / -től kitől mitől ettől attól tőle c
*: Ő and őt refer to human beings; the forms below them might be
construed likewise. – Forms in parentheses are uncommon. All »

EtymologyEdit

-o- +‎ -t (accusative suffix)

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ot

  1. (accusative suffix) Used to form the accusative case.
    ablak (window)Kinyitotta az ablakot. - She opened the window.
    nagy (big)nagyot sóhajt - to have a deep sigh
    hat (six)Hány könyvet vettél? - Hatot. - How many books did you buy? - Six.

Usage notesEdit

  • (accusative suffix): It can be added to nouns, adjectives, numerals and pronouns. Whether a suffix-initial vowel (linking vowel) will be used is hard to predict and thus needs to be learned with each word. A rule of thumb, however, is that older and shorter words tend to incorporate a vowel, rather than simply use -t. Variants:
    -t is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final -o in foreign words changes to -ó-.
    -ot is added to most back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -at is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -et is added to unrounded (and some rounded) front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öt is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    • This suffix is optional (and is commonly omitted) after possessive suffixes, especially in the singular but sometimes also in the plural (and sometimes after multiple-possession forms as well), except for the third-person singular (as it ends in a vowel so its single -t suffix creates no new syllable).
      Elviszem a kabátom(at), Elviszed a kabátod(at), Elviszi a kabátt (!), Elvisszük a kabátunk(at), Elviszitek a kabátotok(at), elviszik a kabátjuk(at).I’ll bring along my coat, you’ll bring along your coat, he/she…, we…, [plural] you…, they….
  • It is usually omitted from the accusative forms of first- and second-person singular personal pronouns (engem, téged (me, you)).

See alsoEdit


Northern SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Samic *-ujëtēk.

SuffixEdit

-ot

  1. Forms automative passive verbs, which imply the lack of a purposive agent.

Usage notesEdit

This suffix triggers the strongest grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

InflectionEdit

Contracted o-stem, no gradation
infinitive -ot
1st sing. present -on
1st sing. past -ojin
infinitive -ot action noun -on
present participle -ojeaddji action inessive -omin
-ome
past participle -on action elative -omis
agent participle action comitative -omiin
abessive -okeahttá
present indicative past indicative imperative
1st singular -on -ojin -ojēhkon
2nd singular -ot -ojit -o
3rd singular -o -ui -ojēhkos
1st dual -ojetne -uime -ojeadnu
-ojeahkku
2nd dual -obeahtti -uide -ojeahkki
3rd dual -oba -uiga -ojēhkoska
1st plural -ot -uimet -ojētnot
-ojēhkot
-ojeahkkot
-ojeadnot
2nd plural -obēhtet -uidet -ojēhket
3rd plural -ojit -ojedje -ojēhkoset
connegative -o -on -o
conditional 1 conditional 2 potential
1st singular -ošin
-ošedjen
-olin
-oledjen
-ožan
2nd singular -ošit
-ošedjet
-olit
-oledjet
-ožat
3rd singular -ošii -olii -oža
-oš
1st dual -ošeimme -oleimme -ožetne
2nd dual -ošeidde -oleidde -ožeahppi
3rd dual -ošeigga -oleigga -ožeaba
1st plural -ošeimmet -oleimmet -ožit
-ožat
2nd plural -ošeiddet -oleiddet -ožēhpet
3rd plural -oše
-ošedje
-ole
-oledje
-ožit
connegative -oše -ole -oš

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *-utją.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ot

  1. Alternative form of -et

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ot m

  1. Forms masculine nouns, typically sounds.
    stukać + ‎-ot → ‎stukot

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


VolapükEdit

SuffixEdit

-ot

  1. Used to indicate a more concrete or more serious example.

Derived termsEdit