See also: ys, Ys, YS, yS, y's, Y's, and -yś

AsturianEdit

PronounEdit

-ys

  1. Alternative form of -yos

FinnishEdit

SuffixEdit

-ys

  1. Front vowel variant of -us

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of -ys (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative -ys -ykset
genitive -yksen -ysten
-yksien
partitive -ystä -yksiä
illative -ykseen -yksiin
singular plural
nominative -ys -ykset
accusative nom. -ys -ykset
gen. -yksen
genitive -yksen -ysten
-yksien
partitive -ystä -yksiä
inessive -yksessä -yksissä
elative -yksestä -yksistä
illative -ykseen -yksiin
adessive -yksellä -yksillä
ablative -ykseltä -yksiltä
allative -ykselle -yksille
essive -yksenä -yksinä
translative -ykseksi -yksiksi
instructive -yksin
abessive -yksettä -yksittä
comitative -yksineen
Possessive forms of -ys (type vastaus)
possessor singular plural
1st person -ykseni -yksemme
2nd person -yksesi -yksenne
3rd person -yksensä

LithuanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *-iós; which gave Latvian -is, Old Prussian -is, Proto-Slavic masculine *-ь. When unstressed, the same ending produced -ias; see for more.

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /iːs/

SuffixEdit

-ỹs m (plural -iaĩ) stress pattern 3 or 4

  1. masculine nominative singular ending for i̯ó-stem nouns.
    avilỹs (beehive); compare Latvian aũlis, Old Prussian aulis, Proto-Slavic *ulьjь
    ežỹs (hedgehog); compare Latvian ezis, Proto-Slavic *ežь

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

SuffixEdit

-ỹs m (plural -iaĩ, feminine -ė̃) stress pattern 3

  1. agentive nominalizing suffix, typically applied to verbal roots in compounds
    dárbas (work) + dúoti (give)darbdavỹs (employer)
    galvà (head) + žudýti (kill)galvažudỹs (hitman, assassin)
    Synonyms: -ininkas, -ėjas, -tojas
  2. produces masculine animates from some nominal stems
    árklas (plough)arklỹs (horse)
    gaidà (melody)gaidỹs (cockerel)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit



ManxEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish -as (compare Irish and Scottish Gaelic -as), from Proto-Celtic *-assus, from Proto-Indo-European *-ad-tus.

SuffixEdit

-ys m

  1. Nominal suffix, used to form abstract ideas or nouns

Derived termsEdit



Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-ys

  1. Alternative form of -yssh
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-ys

  1. Alternative form of -esse
ReferencesEdit

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From English -es.

SuffixEdit

-ys

  1. Used to form plural nouns.
    nyrs (nurse) + ‎-ys → ‎nyrsys (nurses)
    bocs (box) + ‎-ys → ‎bocsys (boxes)
    bỳs (bus) + ‎-ys → ‎bysys (buses)
    Synonyms: -aid, -aint, -au, -ed, -edd, -en, -i, -iaid, -iau, -ion, -od, -oedd, -on, -s, -ydd, -yr

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-ys

  1. (literary) verb suffix for the impersonal present indicative/future
    gwybod (know) + ‎-ys → ‎gwyddys (is known, one knows)

Derived termsEdit


Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “-ys”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies