FrenchEdit

SuffixEdit

-ai

  1. A suffix denoting the first-person singular past historic indicative form of an -er verb

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

-a (possessive suffix) +‎ -i (possessive plural)

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ai

  1. (possessive suffix) his/her/its ...-s (third-person singular, multiple possessions)
    ház (house)a házai (his/her/its houses)
  2. (possessive suffix) your-s (second-person singular and plural formal, multiple possessions)
    a maga házai, az ön házaiyour (singular, formal) houses
    a maguk házai, az önök házaiyour (plural, formal) houses

Usage notesEdit

  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -i is added to words ending in a vowel except -i. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -ai is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ei is added to some front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -jai is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i
    -jei is added to some front-vowel words ending in a consonant or the vowel -i
    • This suffix (in all forms) is normally used for the third-person singular possessive (multiple possessions) but, after an explicit plural possessor, it also expresses the third-person plural possessive (multiple possessions), e.g. “the children's toys” (a gyerekek játékai). If the possessor is implicit (not named, only marked by a suffix), the plural possessive suffix must be used, e.g. “their toys” (a játékaik, see -aik and its variants).

See alsoEdit


ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -āvī, via -āī.[1] Example: Italian lodai, from Latin laudāvī.

SuffixEdit

-ai

  1. Used with a stem to form the first-person singular past historic of -are verbs.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-ai m

  1. masculine plural of -aio

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Patota, Giuseppe (2002) Lineamenti di grammatica storica dell'italiano (in Italian), Bologna: il Mulino, →ISBN, page 145

PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-ai

  1. forms the 2nd-person plural affirmative imperative of 1st conjugation verbs; appended to the stem
    Amai-vos uns aos outros.
    Love (you all) one another.

Usage notesEdit

Like every other 2nd-person plural conjugation, its use is archaic.

Related termsEdit

  • -ei (affirmative imperative for 2nd-conjugation verbs)
  • -i (affirmative imperative for 3rd-conjugation verbs)
  • -eis (negative imperative for 1st-conjugation verbs)

WelshEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ai m (plural -eion)

  1. receiver or sufferer of action, -ee
    enwebu (to nominate) + ‎-ai → ‎enwebai (nominee)
    cyf-weld (to interview) + ‎-ai → ‎cyfwelai (interviewee)
    morgeisio (to mortgage) + ‎-ai → ‎morgeisai (mortgagee)
  2. (obsolete) agentive suffix, -er
    blawd (flour) + ‎-ai → ‎blotai (beggar of flour; flour merchant)
    llad (gift, virtue) + ‎-ai → ‎llatai (love messenger, go-between)
  3. (obsolete) instrument
    cymell (to compel, to induce) + ‎-ai → ‎cymhellai (wrench)
    hidlo (to strain, to filter) + ‎-ai → ‎hidlai (strainer, filter)
  4. (obsolete) gas, -gen
    ul (moist, damp) + ‎-ai → ‎ulai (hydrogen)
    ufel (fire) + ‎-ai → ‎ufelai (oxygen)

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ai

  1. (literary) verb suffix for the third-person singular imperfect/conditional
  2. (colloquial) verb suffix for the third-person singular conditional

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “-ai”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies