See also: tek, Tek, and -ték

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-tek

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the second-person plural present tense of verbs (indicative mood, indefinite conjugation).
    ebédel (to lunch)Ti mikor ebédeltek? (What time are you having lunch?)
  2. (possessive suffix) your (second-person plural informal, single possession)
    reggeli (breakfast)a reggelitek (your breakfast)
    zene (music)a zenétek (your music)
Usage notesEdit
  • (personal suffix) Variants:
    -tok is added to back-vowel verbs
    -tek is added to unrounded front-vowel verbs
    -tök is added to rounded front-vowel verbs
    -otok is added to back-vowel verbs ending in two consonants or -ít
    -etek is added to unrounded front-vowel verbs ending in two consonants or -ít
    -ötök is added to rounded front-vowel verbs ending in two consonants or -ít
  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -tok is added to back-vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -tek is added to unrounded front-vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -tök is added to rounded front-vowel words ending in a vowel
    -otok is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -atok is added to other back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -etek is added to unrounded (and some rounded) front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ötök is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant

Etymology 2Edit

-t (past-tense suffix) +‎ -ek (plural suffix)

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-tek

  1. (past-tense suffix) Used to form the third-person plural past tense of verbs (indefinite conjugations).
    ebédel (to lunch)Ők mikor ebédeltek? (What time did they have lunch?)
Usage notesEdit
  • (past tense suffix) Variants:
    -tak is added to most back-vowel verbs
    -tek is added to most front-vowel verbs
    -ttak is added to back-vowel verbs ending in a vowel (, , ó, , , szí)
    -ttek is added to front-vowel verbs ending in a vowel (, nyű, sző)
    -ottak is added to back-vowel verbs ending in two consonants or a long vowel + t, or to monosyllables ending in -t (fut, nyit, except lát)
    -ettek is added to unrounded front-vowel verbs ending in two consonants or a long vowel + t, or to monosyllables ending in -t (vet)
    -öttek is added to rounded front-vowel verbs ending in two consonants or a long vowel + t, or to monosyllables ending in -t (köt, süt, üt)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ A mult időben ezzel szemben puszta ‑k a rag: (ők) várta-k, kérte-k. Régibb nyelvünkben ennek is igen gyakran ‑nak, ‑nek volt a ragja, pl. várta-nak, kérte-nek, de SZINNYEI (Hunf. Alb. 42 ) bebizonyította, hogy a kétféle mult idejű alak közül a -k ragos az eredetibb, s hogy а ‑nak, ‑nek ragos csak analógia eredménye: a vár : várnak-féle irányító sorok hatása alatt várt mellé is keletkezett többes vártanak alak. Ez az analógiás eredelű vártanak, kértenek alak azonban nem tudott véglegesen győzedelmeskedni; a köznyelvből lassanként ismét kiveszett, s ma már csak itt-ott a nyelvjárásokban van meg. In: Antal Horger (Q1055098). A magyar igeragozás története (’The History of Hungarian Conjugation’), Szeged: 1931, page 32.