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EnglishEdit

SuffixEdit

-ja

  1. (colloquial) You, ya; only used after a /d/ sound.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


EmilianEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

-ja (personal, nominative case)

  1. (enclitic) Alternative form of a

Related termsEdit


EstonianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Cognate with Finnish -ja.

SuffixEdit

-ja (genitive -ja, partitive -jat)

  1. -er; appended to verbal stems to form agent nouns, especially human ones

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

SuffixEdit

-ja

  1. derives various adverbs
    sala "secretly" → salaja "secretly"

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *-ja.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ja (front vowel harmony variant -jä)

  1. Forms agent nouns, especially human ones; -er
    katsoa (to watch)katsoja (a watcher, spectator)
    tehdä (to do)tekijä (a doer; a writer, author, playwright; a factor)

Usage notesEdit

  • If the stem ends in -e-, this changes to -i- before adding -ja.
juosta; juokse- -> juoksija
näytellä; näyttele- -> näyttelijä

DeclensionEdit

The original verb affects the declension type of the derivation.

If the -ja ending is preceded by -i-, it is declined as kulkija.

Inflection of -ja (Kotus type 12/kulkija, no gradation)
nominative -ja -jat
genitive -jan -joiden
-joitten
partitive -jaa -joita
illative -jaan -joihin
singular plural
nominative -ja -jat
accusative nom. -ja -jat
gen. -jan
genitive -jan -joiden
-joitten
-jainrare
partitive -jaa -joita
inessive -jassa -joissa
elative -jasta -joista
illative -jaan -joihin
adessive -jalla -joilla
ablative -jalta -joilta
allative -jalle -joille
essive -jana -joina
translative -jaksi -joiksi
instructive -join
abessive -jatta -joitta
comitative -joineen

Otherwise, it is declined as koira.

Inflection of -ja (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative -ja -jat
genitive -jan -jien
partitive -jaa -jia
illative -jaan -jiin
singular plural
nominative -ja -jat
accusative nom. -ja -jat
gen. -jan
genitive -jan -jien
-jainrare
partitive -jaa -jia
inessive -jassa -jissa
elative -jasta -jista
illative -jaan -jiin
adessive -jalla -jilla
ablative -jalta -jilta
allative -jalle -jille
essive -jana -jina
translative -jaksi -jiksi
instructive -jin
abessive -jatta -jitta
comitative -jineen

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

-ja

  1. Romanization of -𐌾𐌰

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ja

  1. (possessive suffix) his, her, its, -'s, of (third-person singular, single possession)
    barát (friend)a barátja (his/her/its friend)
    kapu (gate)a kapuja (his/her/its gate)
    palota (palace)a palotája (his/her/its palace)
    palota (“palace”) → a király palotája (“the king’s palace”)
    kapu (“gate”) → a ház kapuja (“the gate of the house”)
  2. (possessive suffix, after a plural possessor) -s', of-s (third-person plural, single possession)
    palota (“palace”) → az uralkodók palotája (“the rulers’ palace”)
  3. (with time expressions, referring to a point in time) ago
    Egy órája ment el.S/he left one hour ago.
    Synonym: -val/-vel ezelőtt (e.g. egy órával ezelőtt)
  4. (with time expressions, referring to a duration of time preceding the point of time in question) for
    Egy órája várunk rád.We have been waiting for you for an hour.

Usage notesEdit

  • (possessive suffix) Variants:
    -a is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -e is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ja is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-; final -o changes to -ó-.
    -je is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-; final changes to -ő-.
    • This suffix (in all forms) is normally used for the third-person singular possessive (single possession) but, after an explicit plural possessor, it also expresses the third-person plural possessive (single possession), e.g. “the children's ball” (a gyerekek labdája). If the possessor is implicit (not named, only marked by a suffix), the plural possessive suffix must be used, e.g. “their ball” (a labdájuk, see -juk and its variants).

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative -ja
accusative -ját
dative -jának
instrumental -jával
causal-final -jáért
translative -jává
terminative -jáig
essive-formal -jaként
essive-modal -jául
inessive -jában
superessive -ján
adessive -jánál
illative -jába
sublative -jára
allative -jához
elative -jából
delative -járól
ablative -jától

SuffixEdit

-ja

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the definite third-person singular present tense of back-vowel verbs (both in indicative and subjunctive mood).
    tud (to know)Tudja, hogy mit akar. (“He/she knows what he/she wants”; literally, “He/she knows that which he/she wants.”)
    tartalmaz (to contain)tartalmazza (it contains [that])

Usage notesEdit

  • (personal suffix) The j assimilates to the final s, sz, z, dz. See harmonic variants in the tables below.

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

SuffixEdit

-ja (Cyrillic spelling -ја)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, performer or a feature, usually negative.

See alsoEdit