Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈstɔpə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: stop‧pen
  • Rhymes: -ɔpən

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Dutch stoppen, from Old Dutch *stoppon, from Proto-West Germanic *stoppōn.

Verb edit

stoppen

  1. to stop, to halt
    Ze zijn gestopt met werken.
    They have stopped working.
  2. to plug
    Het lek is gestopt.
    The leak has been plugged.
  3. to stuff, to put, to insert
    Stop dat daar maar ergens tussen.
    Stuff that in between there somewhere.
    Stop de stekker in het stopcontact.
    Insert the plug into the socket.
  4. to darn
    Hij heeft zijn sokken gestopt.
    He has darned his socks.
Inflection edit
Inflection of stoppen (weak)
infinitive stoppen
past singular stopte
past participle gestopt
infinitive stoppen
gerund stoppen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular stop stopte
2nd person sing. (jij) stopt stopte
2nd person sing. (u) stopt stopte
2nd person sing. (gij) stopt stopte
3rd person singular stopt stopte
plural stoppen stopten
subjunctive sing.1 stoppe stopte
subjunctive plur.1 stoppen stopten
imperative sing. stop
imperative plur.1 stopt
participles stoppend gestopt
1) Archaic.
Synonyms edit
Antonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Afrikaans: stop
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: stupu
  • Negerhollands: stop, top
  • Caribbean Javanese: setop
  • Indonesian: setop
  • Papiamentu: stòp, stop

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

stoppen

  1. plural of stop

German edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Middle Low German stoppen. As in Dutch stoppen, the sense “to stop” is figurative from water flow being stopped by plugging. Only in this figurative meaning has the form been adopted into standard German proper, under the reinforcing influence of English to stop.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

stoppen (weak, third-person singular present stoppt, past tense stoppte, past participle gestoppt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (standard, transitive or intransitive) to stop
    Wir müssen diese Entwicklung stoppen.We must stop this development.
    Das Auto hat vor der Kreuzung gestoppt.The car stopped at the crossroads.
  2. (colloquial, regional, northern and central Germany) Alternative form of stopfen (to stuff, to plug)
    Musste dein Zeug da so unvorsichtig reinstoppen?
    D'you need to stuff your things in there so carelessly?

Conjugation edit

Synonyms edit

Further reading edit

  • stoppen” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • stoppen” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • stoppen” in Duden online
  • stoppen” in OpenThesaurus.de

Luxembourgish edit

Etymology edit

From Old High German stoffōn, from Proto-West Germanic *stoppōn.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

stoppen (third-person singular present stoppt, past participle gestoppt, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) to stop, to halt
  2. (transitive) to stop, to plug

Conjugation edit

Regular
infinitive stoppen
participle gestoppt
auxiliary hunn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular stoppen
2nd singular stopps stopp
3rd singular stoppt
1st plural stoppen
2nd plural stoppt stoppt
3rd plural stoppen
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.

Derived terms edit

Middle English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old English stoppian, from Proto-West Germanic *stoppōn.

Verb edit

stoppen (third-person singular simple present stoppeth, present participle stoppende, stoppynge, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle stopped)

  1. to stop

Conjugation edit

Descendants edit

  • English: stop (see there for further descendants)
  • Scots: stop, stap

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

stoppen m

  1. definite singular of stopp (Etymology 1)

stoppen m or n

  1. definite masculine singular of stopp (Etymology 2)

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

stoppen m

  1. definite singular of stopp (Etymology 1)

stoppen m or n

  1. definite masculine singular of stopp (Etymology 2)

Swedish edit

Noun edit

stoppen

  1. definite singular of stopp c
  2. definite plural of stopp n

Anagrams edit