See also: calçar

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From the Italian calcara (lime-kiln).

Noun edit

calcar (plural calcars)

  1. A small oven or furnace, used for the calcination of sand and potash, and converting them into frit.
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From the Latin calcar (spur).

Noun edit

calcar (plural calcars)

  1. (botany, anatomy) A spur-like projection.
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Asturian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin calcāre, present active infinitive of calcō.

Verb edit

calcar (first-person singular indicative present calco, past participle calcáu)

  1. to press, push
  2. to hit, strike

Conjugation edit

Galician edit

Etymology edit

From Latin calcāre (to press), present active infinitive of calcō.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

calcar (first-person singular present calco, first-person singular preterite calquei, past participle calcado)

  1. to press
  2. to trample

Conjugation edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  • calc” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • calcar” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • calcar” in Dicionario da Real Academia Galega, Royal Galician Academy.
  • calcar” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • calcar” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Latin edit

Etymology edit

Possibly from an extension of the Proto-Indo-European *(s)kel- (heel). Cognate of calx, calcō.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

calcar n (genitive calcāris); third declension

  1. spur (equestrian, or of a cock)
  2. (figuratively) incitement, stimulus

Declension edit

Third-declension noun (neuter, “pure” i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative calcar calcāria
Genitive calcāris calcārium
Dative calcārī calcāribus
Accusative calcar calcāria
Ablative calcārī calcāribus
Vocative calcar calcāria

Descendants edit

  • English: calcar

References edit

  • calcar”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • calcar”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • calcar in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to put spurs to a horse: calcaribus equum concitare
  • calcar”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • calcar”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • New Latin Grammar, Allen and Greenough, 1903.

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

From Latin calcāre.

Pronunciation edit

 
 
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /kalˈkaɾ/ [kaɫˈkaɾ]
    • (Southern Portugal) IPA(key): /kalˈka.ɾi/ [kaɫˈka.ɾi]

  • Hyphenation: cal‧car

Verb edit

calcar (first-person singular present calco, first-person singular preterite calquei, past participle calcado)

  1. to trample, to crush
  2. to press (grapes, etc.)
  3. (figuratively) to humiliate, to subjugate
  4. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (transitive) to base a work on (a previous one)
  5. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (transitive) to copy a work

Usage notes edit

Conjugation edit

Related terms edit

Noun edit

calcar m (plural calcares)

  1. (botany) spur
  2. (zoology) in arthropods, a mobile process similar to a spike
  3. (zoology) in certain insects, the strongest spur located in the tibia

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French calcaire, from Latin calcarius.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /kalˈkar/, /ˈkal.kar/

Noun edit

calcar n (plural calcare)

  1. limestone
    Synonym: piatră-de-var

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /kalˈkaɾ/ [kalˈkaɾ]
  • Rhymes: -aɾ
  • Syllabification: cal‧car

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Latin calcāre.

Verb edit

calcar (first-person singular present calco, first-person singular preterite calqué, past participle calcado)

  1. to trace, copy (copy by means of carbon paper or tracing paper)
  2. to trample
Conjugation edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

calcar m (plural calcares)

  1. (anatomy, botany) calcar (a spur-like projection)
Derived terms edit

Further reading edit