Akkadian edit

Root
'-l-y
4 terms

Etymology edit

From Proto-Semitic *ʕalay- (on, over). Cognate with Arabicعَلَى(ʕalā) and Biblical Hebrewעַל(ʕal), ⁧עֲלֵי(ʕălé).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

eli (pronominal form elī) (from Old Akkadian on)

  1. on, above, over, upon
  2. towards
  3. against
  4. beyond, more than
    • 1755–1750 BCE, King Hammurabi of Babylon, translated by OMNIKA Foundation, Hammurabi Code[1], The Louvre, Law 202:
      𒋳𒈠 𒀀𒉿𒈝 𒇷𒂊𒀉 𒀀𒉿𒅆 𒊭 𒂊𒇷𒋗 𒊏𒁍𒌑 𒅎𒋫𒄩𒊍 𒄿𒈾 𒁍𒌔𒊑𒅎 𒄿𒈾 𒋢𒉮 𒄞 𒁹𒋗𒅆 𒅎𒈤𒄩𒊍
      [šumma awīlum lēt awīlim ša elīšu rabû imtaḫaṣ, ina puḫrim ina qinnāz alpim (ištēn) šūši immaḫḫaṣ.]
      šum-ma a-wi-lum le-e-et a-wi-lim ša e-li-šu ra-bu-u₂ im-ta-ḫa-aṣ i-na pu-uḫ₂-ri-im i-na kušUSAN₃ GUD 1 šu-ši im-maḫ-ḫa-aṣ
      If a man has struck the cheek of a man who is of higher rank than he, he will be struck with an ox whip sixty times in the assembly.

Alternative forms edit

Cuneiform spellings
Logograms Phonetic

References edit

  • eli”, in The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (CAD), Chicago: University of Chicago Oriental Institute, 1956–2011
  • Black, Jeremy; George, Andrew; Postgate, Nicholas (2000), “eli”, in A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian, 2nd corrected edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
  • Huehnergard, John (2011) A Grammar of Akkadian (Harvard Semitic Studies; 45), 3rd edition, Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns

Dilling edit

Etymology edit

Proto-Nubian *il-di.

Noun edit

eli

  1. woman

References edit

  • [2] (as eli)
  • Salem Chaker, Andrzej Zaborski, Etudes berbères et chamito-sémitiques: mélanges offerts à Karl-G. Prasse (2000) (as ǐḷī)

Eastern Huasteca Nahuatl edit

Verb edit

eli

  1. to be.

Finnish edit

Etymology 1 edit

Either from the pronominal stem e- seen in että (compare mikäli, from mikä) or a North Germanic loan (compare Old Norse ella, ellar, from Proto-Germanic *aljaz). Also compare Estonian elik.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈeli(ˣ)/, [ˈe̞li(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -eli
  • Syllabification(key): e‧li

Conjunction edit

eli (coordinating)

  1. that is, that is to say, i.e.; in other words, to put it another way; as in (used to introduce a clarification or explanation)
    Hän tulee tänne maanantaina eli ylihuomenna.She's coming here on Monday as in two days from now.
    Kuivajää sublimoituu lämmetessään kaasuksi, eli se muuttuu suoraan kaasuksi muuttumatta välillä nesteeksi.Dry ice sublimates to gas directly, i.e. it turns straight into gas without turning into a liquid in between.
  2. or, also known as, AKA, a.k.a. (used to introduce an alternative name)
    Synonyms: l., alias, a.k.a.
    Kikka eli Kirsi SirénKikka a.k.a. Kirsi Sirén
    ruokasuola eli natriumkloriditable salt or sodium chloride
  3. (informal) so (used to connect previous conversation or events to the following question; used to introduce a rhetorical question)
    Synonym: siis (when not colloquial, it is usually not the first word in the sentence)
    Eli miten se tarina päättyy?So how does the story end?
    Eli kävit siellä eilen.So you did go there yesterday.
  4. (dated or dialectal) or
    Synonym: tai
    Lähdetkö mukaan eli et?Are you coming along or not?
Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈeli/, [ˈe̞li]
  • Rhymes: -eli
  • Syllabification(key): e‧li

Verb edit

eli

  1. third-person singular past indicative of elää
    Hän eli täällä.
    He lived here.

Anagrams edit

Ido edit

Etymology edit

elu (she, her) +‎ -i (-s; plural)

Pronoun edit

eli pl

  1. they, them (feminine)

Related terms edit

  • li (they, them)
  • ili (they, them) (masculine)
  • oli (they, them) (neuter)

Ingrian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From the pronominal stem e-, of uncertain origin. Akin to Finnish eli and Estonian elik.
Possibly influenced by or derived from Russian или (ili), Swedish eller.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

eli

  1. (folk poetic) or
Synonyms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

eli

  1. third-person singular indicative imperfect of ellää
    Hää eli Soikkolaas.She lived in Soikkola.

References edit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 30

Italian edit

Noun edit

eli m

  1. plural of elio

Anagrams edit

Kristang edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese ele (he), from Old Galician-Portuguese ele, from Latin ille (that).

Pronoun edit

eli

  1. he, she or it (third-person singular personal pronoun)[1]

See also edit

Kristang personal pronouns (edit)
Person Singular Plural
First yo nus
Second bos bolotu
Third eli olotu

References edit

  1. ^ 2010, Ladislav Prištic, Kristang - Crioulo de Base Portuguesa, Masaryk University, page 26.

Meänkieli edit

Conjunction edit

eli

  1. or

Nupe edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

eli

  1. Alternative form of ali (character; disposition; behaviour)

Silesian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛli/
  • Rhymes: -ɛli
  • Syllabification: e‧li

Conjunction edit

eli

  1. Alternative form of jeśli.

Further reading edit

  • eli in silling.org

Ternate edit

Etymology edit

Cognate with Sahu 'elingi.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

eli

  1. (transitive) to remember

Conjugation edit

Conjugation of eli
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st toeli foeli mieli
2nd noeli nieli
3rd Masculine oeli ieli, yoeli
Feminine moeli
Neuter ieli
- archaic

Alternative forms edit

References edit

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Venetian edit

Pronoun edit

eli m

  1. they, them

Volapük edit

Article edit

eli

  1. accusative singular of el

Welsh edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Welsh eli, from Proto-Brythonic *ėliv, borrowed from Latin olīvum, see olīva and oleum.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

eli m (plural elïau)

  1. ointment
    Synonym: ennaint

Derived terms edit

  • eli haul m (sun cream, sunscreen)

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
eli unchanged unchanged heli
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Xhosa edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

êli

  1. this; class 5 proximal demonstrative.