English

edit

Noun

edit

meri

  1. plural of merus

Anagrams

edit

Ajië

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Adjective

edit

meri

  1. dry

References

edit

Besisi

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Aslian *bəriʔ (forest), from Proto-Mon-Khmer *briiʔ (forest).

Noun

edit

meri

  1. forest

Estonian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Finnic *meri.

Noun

edit

meri (genitive mere, partitive merd)

  1. sea

Declension

edit
Declension of meri (ÕS type 20/meri, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative meri mered
accusative nom.
gen. mere
genitive merede
partitive merd meresid
illative merre
meresse
meredesse
inessive meres meredes
elative merest meredest
allative merele meredele
adessive merel meredel
ablative merelt meredelt
translative mereks meredeks
terminative mereni meredeni
essive merena meredena
abessive mereta meredeta
comitative merega meredega

Finnish

edit
 

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Finnic *meri,[1] borrowed from some Indo-European language (probably Proto-Balto-Slavic *mári),[2] ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *móri.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /ˈmeri/, [ˈme̞ri]
  • Rhymes: -eri
  • Syllabification(key): me‧ri

Noun

edit

meri

  1. sea (a single area or the seas altogether)

Declension

edit
Inflection of meri (Kotus type 24/uni, no gradation)
nominative meri meret
genitive meren merien
merten
partitive merta meriä
illative mereen meriin
singular plural
nominative meri meret
accusative nom. meri meret
gen. meren
genitive meren merien
merten
partitive merta meriä
inessive meressä merissä
elative merestä meristä
illative mereen meriin
adessive merellä merillä
ablative mereltä meriltä
allative merelle merille
essive merenä merinä
translative mereksi meriksi
abessive merettä merittä
instructive merin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of meri (Kotus type 24/uni, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative mereni mereni
accusative nom. mereni mereni
gen. mereni
genitive mereni merieni
merteni
partitive mertani meriäni
inessive meressäni merissäni
elative merestäni meristäni
illative mereeni meriini
adessive merelläni merilläni
ablative mereltäni meriltäni
allative merelleni merilleni
essive merenäni merinäni
translative merekseni merikseni
abessive merettäni merittäni
instructive
comitative merineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative meresi meresi
accusative nom. meresi meresi
gen. meresi
genitive meresi meriesi
mertesi
partitive mertasi meriäsi
inessive meressäsi merissäsi
elative merestäsi meristäsi
illative mereesi meriisi
adessive merelläsi merilläsi
ablative mereltäsi meriltäsi
allative merellesi merillesi
essive merenäsi merinäsi
translative mereksesi meriksesi
abessive merettäsi merittäsi
instructive
comitative merinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative meremme meremme
accusative nom. meremme meremme
gen. meremme
genitive meremme meriemme
mertemme
partitive mertamme meriämme
inessive meressämme merissämme
elative merestämme meristämme
illative mereemme meriimme
adessive merellämme merillämme
ablative mereltämme meriltämme
allative merellemme merillemme
essive merenämme merinämme
translative mereksemme meriksemme
abessive merettämme merittämme
instructive
comitative merinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative merenne merenne
accusative nom. merenne merenne
gen. merenne
genitive merenne merienne
mertenne
partitive mertanne meriänne
inessive meressänne merissänne
elative merestänne meristänne
illative mereenne meriinne
adessive merellänne merillänne
ablative mereltänne meriltänne
allative merellenne merillenne
essive merenänne merinänne
translative mereksenne meriksenne
abessive merettänne merittänne
instructive
comitative merinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative merensä merensä
accusative nom. merensä merensä
gen. merensä
genitive merensä meriensä
mertensä
partitive mertaan
mertansa
meriään
meriänsä
inessive meressään
meressänsä
merissään
merissänsä
elative merestään
merestänsä
meristään
meristänsä
illative mereensä meriinsä
adessive merellään
merellänsä
merillään
merillänsä
ablative mereltään
mereltänsä
meriltään
meriltänsä
allative merelleen
merellensä
merilleen
merillensä
essive merenään
merenänsä
merinään
merinänsä
translative merekseen
mereksensä
merikseen
meriksensä
abessive merettään
merettänsä
merittään
merittänsä
instructive
comitative merineen
merinensä
  • Note the grammatical exception: this word is front-vocalic in all forms (e.g. meressä) except the partitive singular, in which back vowels are used (merta instead of **mertä).

Derived terms

edit
adjectives
adverbs
proper nouns
compounds

References

edit
  1. ^ Kallio, Petri (2020–) “*meri”, in Yhteissuomalainen sanasto[1] (in Finnish)
  2. ^ Itkonen, Erkki, Kulonen, Ulla-Maija, editors (1992–2000), Suomen sanojen alkuperä [The origin of Finnish words]‎[2] (in Finnish) (online version; note: also includes other etymological sources), Helsinki: Institute for the Languages of Finland/Finnish Literature Society, →ISBN

Further reading

edit

Hungarian

edit

Etymology

edit

mer (to dare; to scoop, ladle) +‎ -i (personal suffix)

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): [ˈmɛri]
  • Hyphenation: me‧ri
  • Rhymes: -ri

Verb

edit

meri

  1. third-person singular indicative present definite of mer

Icelandic

edit

Etymology

edit

From Old Norse merr, from Proto-Germanic *marhijō.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

meri f (genitive singular merar, nominative plural merar)

  1. mare, female horse
    Synonym: hryssa

Declension

edit

Anagrams

edit

Ingrian

edit
 
Mertä.

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Finnic *meri. Cognates include Finnish meri and Estonian meri.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

meri

  1. sea
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 20:
      Vene ono merel. Levo ono merel.
      The boat is at sea. Levo is at sea.
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, P. L. Maksimov, Inkeroisin keelen oppikirja alkuşkouluja vart (ensimäine osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 28:
      Merilöin rannoil ono meil paljo suurii linnoja — ono Leningrad, ono Sevastopol, ono paljo muita, niitä kera pittää puulustaa.
      At the shores of the seas we have many big cities — we have Leningrad, we have Sevastopol, we have much more, whom they also need to defend.
    • 1936, D. I. Efimov, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (toin osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 107:
      Kaik noisi elloo i meri, i metsä, i maa.
      Everything brings life, the sea and the forest and the land.

Declension

edit
Declension of meri (type 5/keeli, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative meri meret
genitive meren merriin, merilöin
partitive mertä, mert merriä, merilöjä
illative merree merrii, merilöihe
inessive meres meris, merilöis
elative merest merist, merilöist
allative merelle merille, merilöille
adessive merel meril, merilöil
ablative merelt merilt, merilöilt
translative mereks meriks, merilöiks
essive merennä, merreen merinnä, merilöinnä, merriin, merilöin
exessive1) merent merint, merilöint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

Synonyms

edit

Derived terms

edit

References

edit
  • Fedor Tumansky (1790) “мери”, in Опытъ повѣствованїя о дѣянїях, положенїи, состоянїи и раздѣленїи Санкт-Петербургской губернїи [An experiment of an account of the acts, location, condition and division of the Saint Petersburg gubernia], Краткїй словарь ижерскаго, финскаго, эстонскаго, чюдскаго, и ямскаго нарѣчїя съ россїйскимъ переводомъ [A short dictionary of the Ingrian, Finnish, Estonian, Chud and Yamtian dialects with a Russian translation], page 667
  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[4], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 86
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 305
  • Olga I. Konkova, Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[5], →ISBN, page 80

Italian

edit

Adjective

edit

meri

  1. masculine plural of mero

Anagrams

edit

Karelian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Finnic *meri.

Noun

edit

meri (genitive meren, partitive mertä)

  1. sea

Latin

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

merī

  1. genitive singular of merum

Adjective

edit

merī

  1. inflection of merus:
    1. nominative/vocative masculine plural
    2. genitive masculine/neuter singular

Ludian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Finnic *meri.

Noun

edit

meri

  1. sea

Middle English

edit

Adjective

edit

meri

  1. Alternative form of mery

Old Dutch

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-West Germanic *mari.

Noun

edit

meri n

  1. lake, sea

Derived terms

edit

Descendants

edit
  • Middle Dutch: mēre, mare

References

edit
  • meri”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Romanian

edit

Noun

edit

meri m pl

  1. plural of măr

Sardinian

edit

Etymology

edit

Ultimately from Latin meridies

Noun

edit

meri

  1. afternoon

Serbo-Croatian

edit

Verb

edit

meri (Cyrillic spelling мери)

  1. inflection of meriti:
    1. third-person singular present
    2. second-person singular imperative

Sranan Tongo

edit

Verb

edit

meri

  1. to touch

Sundanese

edit

Noun

edit

meri

  1. duck
  2. teal

Tok Pisin

edit
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Etymology

edit

From English Mary. Attested in St. Johnston (1927:72) in reference to Solomon Islands laborers.

Noun

edit

meri

  1. woman
    Coordinate term: man
  2. wife
    Coordinate terms: man, maritman
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 3:17:
      Na God i tokim Adam olsem, “Yu bin harim tok bilong meri bilong yu, na yu bin kaikai pikinini bilong dispela diwai mi bin tambuim yu long kaikai. Olsem na nau bai mi bagarapim graun, na ol kaikai bai i no inap kamap gut long en. Oltaim bai yu wok hat tru bilong mekim kaikai i kamap long graun.
      →New International Version translation

Adjective

edit

meri

  1. female
    Coordinate term: man

Derived terms

edit

Turkish

edit

Etymology

edit

From Armenian մարի (mari, hen, female of any bird).

Noun

edit

meri (definite accusative meriyi, plural meriler)

  1. (dialect, Elazığ, Malatya, Maraş) female partridge

References

edit
  • meri (V)”, in Türkiye'de halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü [Compilation Dictionary of Popular Speech in Turkey] (in Turkish), volume 9, Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu, 1977

Veps

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Finnic *meri.

Noun

edit

meri

  1. sea

Inflection

edit
Inflection of meri (inflection type 4/meri)
nominative sing. meri
genitive sing. meren
partitive sing. mert
partitive plur. merid
singular plural
nominative meri mered
accusative meren mered
genitive meren meriden
partitive mert merid
essive-instructive meren merin
translative mereks merikš
inessive meres meriš
elative merespäi merišpäi
illative merehe merihe
adessive merel meril
ablative merelpäi merilpäi
allative merele merile
abessive mereta merita
comitative merenke meridenke
prolative mertme meridme
approximative I merenno meridenno
approximative II merennoks meridennoks
egressive merennopäi meridennopäi
terminative I merehesai merihesai
terminative II merelesai merilesai
terminative III meressai
additive I merehepäi merihepäi
additive II merelepäi merilepäi

Derived terms

edit

References

edit
  • Zajceva, N. G., Mullonen, M. I. (2007) “море”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary]‎[6], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Võro

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Finnic *meri.

Noun

edit

meri (genitive mere, partitive merd)

  1. sea

Inflection

edit

Votic

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Finnic *meri.

Pronunciation

edit
  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈmeri/, [ˈmerʲi]
  • Rhymes: -eri
  • Hyphenation: me‧ri

Noun

edit

meri

  1. sea

Inflection

edit
Declension of meri (type X/tuli, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative meri mered
genitive mere merije, merii
partitive merte meriite, merii
illative merre, merrese meriise
inessive merez meriiz
elative meresse meriisse
allative merele meriile
adessive merelle meriille
ablative merelte meriilte
translative meressi meriissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative (sg) or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

References

edit
  • Hallap, V., Adler, E., Grünberg, S., Leppik, M. (2012) “meri”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn