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  1. plural of par



  1. Third-person singular simple present indicative form of par






From Proto-Italic *partis > parts > pars.

Probably from the same root as pār and portiō. This could be the Proto-Indo-European root *perH- or *per- (sell, exchange), which also gave the Ancient Greek πόρνη (pórnē, prostitute), and πέρνημι (pérnēmi, sell).

Others refer to (the perhaps identical) Proto-Indo-European *per- (to pass through), whence Latin porta, portus, parō, pariō, perīculum, experior, Ancient Greek πέρα (péra), πείρω (peírō), πόρος (póros), Proto-Germanic *faraną (to go, to travel) and *fērō (danger), whence English fare and fear, German fahren and Gefahr.

While keeping the separate root Proto-Indo-European *sperH-, that could also explain Latin parcus, parcō, Ancient Greek σπαρνός (sparnós), English spare.



pars f (genitive partis); third declension

  1. part, piece, share
  2. some
  3. faction
  4. part (theatre)
  5. function, duty
  6. fate, lot
  7. direction
  8. (usually in the plural) party (politics)


Third-declension noun (i-stem, ablative singular in -e or occasionally ).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pars partēs
Genitive partis partium
Dative partī partibus
Accusative partem partēs
Ablative parte
Vocative pars partēs

Derived termsEdit


  • Aromanian: parti, parte
  • Catalan: part
  • Dalmatian: puart
  • Old French: part
    • French: part
    • English: part (partly; also from Old English)
    • English: parse (from the Old French plural pars)
  • Friulian: part
  • Irish: páirt
  • Italian: parte
  • Ladin: part, pert


  • pars in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pars in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pars in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • pars in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a zone: orbis, pars (terrae), cingulus
    • eastern, western Germany: Germania quae or Germaniae ea pars quae, ad orientem, occidentem vergit
    • the most distant countries, the world's end: extremae terrae partes
    • in an opposite direction: in contrarium; in contrarias partes
    • in all directions: quoquo versus; in omnes partes
    • they disperse in different directions: in diversas partes or simply diversi abeunt, discedunt
    • to gaze intently all around: in omnes partes aciem (oculorum) intendere
    • the species is subordinate the genus: partes generibus subiectae sunt
    • to discuss both sides of a question: in utramque partem, in contrarias partes disputare (De Or. 1. 34)
    • to say nothing either for or against an argument: in nullam partem disputare
    • to play the part of some one: partes agere alicuius
    • the actor who plays the leading part: actor primarum (secundarum, tertiarum) partium
    • to take a thing in good (bad) part: in bonam (malam) partem accipere aliquid
    • to possess not the least spark of feeling: nullam partem sensus habere
    • to fulfil one's duty in every detail: omnes officii partes exsequi
    • to fulfil one's duty in every detail: nullam officii partem deserere
    • a party; faction: partes (usually of plebeians)
    • party-spirit: partium studium, also simply studia
    • to be a strong partisan: partium studiosum esse
    • party-strife: certamen partium
    • party-strife: contentio partium (Phil. 5. 12. 32)
    • to be torn by faction: partium studiis divisum esse
    • to embrace the cause of..., be a partisan of..: alicuius partes (causam) or simply aliquem sequi
    • to embrace the cause of..., be a partisan of..: alicuius partibus studere
    • to be neutral: in neutris partibus esse
    • to be neutral: neutram partem sequi
    • an independent spirit: a partibus rei publicae animus liber (Sall. Cat. 4. 2)
    • to divide into two factions: in duas partes discedere (Sall. Iug. 13. 1)
    • the majority: maior pars
    • (ambiguous) as well as I can; to the best of my ability: pro viribus or pro mea parte
    • (ambiguous) as well as I can; to the best of my ability: pro virili parte (cf. sect. V. 22.)
    • (ambiguous) from every point of view; looked at in every light: omni ex parte; in omni genere; omnibus rebus
    • (ambiguous) to a certain extent: aliqua ex parte
    • (ambiguous) to be neutral: nullius or neutrius (of two) partis esse




  1. indefinite genitive singular of par
  2. indefinite genitive plural of par



From Old Turkic [Term?].


pars (definite accusative parsı, plural parslar)

  1. leopard, panther
    Synonyms: leopar, panter, pelenk


Nominative pars
Definite accusative parsı
Singular Plural
Nominative pars parslar
Definite accusative parsı parsları
Dative parsa parslara
Locative parsta parslarda
Ablative parstan parslardan
Genitive parsın parsların