See also: pärs, Pärs, and pärs-

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pars

  1. plural of par

VerbEdit

pars

  1. Third-person singular simple present indicative form of par.

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

NounEdit

pars n

  1. genitive singular definite of par
  2. genitive plural definite of par

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /paʁ/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʁ

VerbEdit

pars

  1. first-person singular present indicative of partir
  2. second-person singular present indicative of partir
  3. second-person singular imperative of partir

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *partis > parts > pars.

Probably from the same root as pār and portiō. This could be the Proto-Indo-European root *perH- or *per- (sell, exchange), which also gave the Ancient Greek πόρνη (pórnē, prostitute), and πέρνημι (pérnēmi, sell).

Others refer to (the perhaps identical) Proto-Indo-European *per- (to pass through), whence Latin porta, portus, parō, pariō, perīculum, experior, Ancient Greek πέρα (péra), πείρω (peírō), πόρος (póros), Proto-Germanic *faraną (to go, to travel) and *fērō (danger), whence English fare and fear, German fahren and Gefahr.

While keeping the separate root Proto-Indo-European *sperH-, that could also explain Latin parcus, parcō, Ancient Greek σπαρνός (sparnós), English spare.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pars f (genitive partis); third declension

  1. a part, portion, piece, share
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 28:
      Ultimas oppidi partes [...] petiverunt, parsque ibi, cum angusto exitu portarum se ipsi premerent, a militibus, pars iam egressa portis ab equitibus est interfecta
      They rushed into the utmost parts of the town, and a part was slain by the infantry when they were crowding upon each other in the narrow passage of the gates, and the part that exited from the gates, was massacred by the cavalry
    1. some
      Synonym: partim
  2. (usually in the plural) a party, fraction, side
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 15:
      Quod prope ex omnibus partibus flumine et palude circumdata
      Because enclosed almost on every side by a river and a marsh
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 28:
      Ut si qua ex parte
      In order that if on any side
  3. (theater, in the plural) a part, character
    1. a part, function, office, duty
  4. a lot, portion, fate
  5. a portion or share of food
  6. a task, lesson
  7. a part, place, region of the earth
  8. (mathematics) a part, fraction
  9. a part of a body, a member
  10. (politics, usually in the plural) a party

InflectionEdit

Third-declension noun (i-stem, accusative singular in -em or -im, ablative singular in -e or ).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative pars partēs
Genitive partis partium
Dative partī partibus
Accusative partem
partim
partēs
partīs
Ablative parte
partī
partibus
Vocative pars partēs

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • pars in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pars in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pars in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • pars in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a zone: orbis, pars (terrae), cingulus
    • eastern, western Germany: Germania quae or Germaniae ea pars quae, ad orientem, occidentem vergit
    • the most distant countries, the world's end: extremae terrae partes
    • in an opposite direction: in contrarium; in contrarias partes
    • in all directions: quoquo versus; in omnes partes
    • they disperse in different directions: in diversas partes or simply diversi abeunt, discedunt
    • to gaze intently all around: in omnes partes aciem (oculorum) intendere
    • the species is subordinate the genus: partes generibus subiectae sunt
    • to discuss both sides of a question: in utramque partem, in contrarias partes disputare (De Or. 1. 34)
    • to say nothing either for or against an argument: in nullam partem disputare
    • to play the part of some one: partes agere alicuius
    • the actor who plays the leading part: actor primarum (secundarum, tertiarum) partium
    • to take a thing in good (bad) part: in bonam (malam) partem accipere aliquid
    • to possess not the least spark of feeling: nullam partem sensus habere
    • to fulfil one's duty in every detail: omnes officii partes exsequi
    • to fulfil one's duty in every detail: nullam officii partem deserere
    • a party; faction: partes (usually of plebeians)
    • party-spirit: partium studium, also simply studia
    • to be a strong partisan: partium studiosum esse
    • party-strife: certamen partium
    • party-strife: contentio partium (Phil. 5. 12. 32)
    • to be torn by faction: partium studiis divisum esse
    • to embrace the cause of..., be a partisan of..: alicuius partes (causam) or simply aliquem sequi
    • to embrace the cause of..., be a partisan of..: alicuius partibus studere
    • to be neutral: in neutris partibus esse
    • to be neutral: neutram partem sequi
    • an independent spirit: a partibus rei publicae animus liber (Sall. Cat. 4. 2)
    • to divide into two factions: in duas partes discedere (Sall. Iug. 13. 1)
    • the majority: maior pars
    • (ambiguous) as well as I can; to the best of my ability: pro viribus or pro mea parte
    • (ambiguous) as well as I can; to the best of my ability: pro virili parte (cf. sect. V. 22.)
    • (ambiguous) from every point of view; looked at in every light: omni ex parte; in omni genere; omnibus rebus
    • (ambiguous) to a certain extent: aliqua ex parte
    • (ambiguous) to be neutral: nullius or neutrius (of two) partis esse

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

pars

  1. indefinite genitive singular of par
  2. indefinite genitive plural of par

AnagramsEdit


TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *bars (leopard, large feline). Related to Proto-Mongolic *bars, whence also Mongolian бар (bar), Dongxiang basi.

NounEdit

pars (definite accusative parsı, plural parslar)

  1. leopard, panther
    Synonyms: leopar, panter, pelenk

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative pars
Definite accusative parsı
Singular Plural
Nominative pars parslar
Definite accusative parsı parsları
Dative parsa parslara
Locative parsta parslarda
Ablative parstan parslardan
Genitive parsın parsların