See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 38 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 女一十 (VMJ), four-corner 41440, composition)

  1. evil, wicked, vice
  2. traitor, betrayer
Antonyms

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 255, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6045
  • Dae Jaweon: page 518, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1025, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5978

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kan/
Li
Rong
/kɑn/
Wang
Li
/kɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kan ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤa[r]/
English treacherous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3571
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːn/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. wicked; evil; treacherous
  2. self-seeking; wily

NounEdit

  1. traitor

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
かん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese ‎(kan).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

‎(-na inflection, hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. wicked

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. wickedness, wicked person

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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