See also:
U+5978, 奸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5978

[U+5977]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5979]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 38, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 女一十 (VMJ), four-corner 41440, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 255, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6045
  • Dae Jaweon: page 518, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1025, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5978

Chinese edit

trad. /*
simp.

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kaːn) : semantic + phonetic (OC *kaːn).

Etymology 1 edit


Note:
  • 1ke - vernacular;
  • 1ji - literary.

    Definitions edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“evil; wicked; treacherous; evildoer; treacherous person; etc.”).
    (This character is the simplified and variant traditional form of ).
    Notes:

    Compounds edit

    Etymology 2 edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Baxter kan
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kan/
    Li
    Rong
    /kɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /kɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gān
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gon1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁa[r]/
    English treacherous

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3571
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kaːn/

    Definitions edit

    1. (archaic) to offend; to mistreat; to encroach on; alternative form of

    Compounds edit

    Japanese edit

    Alternative forms edit

    Kanji edit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings edit

    Compounds edit


    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    Etymology edit

    From Middle Chinese (kan).

    Pronunciation edit

    Adjective edit

    (かん) (kan-na (adnominal (かん) (kan na), adverbial (かん) (kan ni))

    1. wicked

    Inflection edit

    Noun edit

    (かん) (kan

    1. evil, wickedness
      Antonyms: () (gi, justice)
    2. wicked person

    References edit

    1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 간사할 (gansahal gan))
    (eumhun 범할 (beomhal gan))

    1. Hanja form? of (evil, wicked).

    Compounds edit

    References edit

    • Naver Hanja Dictionary: 奸
    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]