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DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch springen, from Old Dutch *springan, from Proto-Germanic *springaną.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsprɪŋə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋən

VerbEdit

springen

  1. (intransitive) to jump, to leap
  2. (intransitive) to explode, to shatter

InflectionEdit

Inflection of springen (strong class 3)
infinitive springen
past singular sprong
past participle gesprongen
infinitive springen
gerund springen n
present tense past tense
1st person singular spring sprong
2nd person sing. (jij) springt sprong
2nd person sing. (u) springt sprong
2nd person sing. (gij) springt sprongt
3rd person singular springt sprong
plural springen sprongen
subjunctive sing.1 springe spronge
subjunctive plur.1 springen sprongen
imperative sing. spring
imperative plur.1 springt
participles springend gesprongen
1) Archaic.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German springan, from Proto-Germanic *springaną, from Proto-Indo-European *spr̥g̑h. Compare Low German springen, Dutch springen, West Frisian springe, English spring, Danish springe.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

springen (class 3 strong, third-person singular simple present springt, past tense sprang, past participle gesprungen, past subjunctive spränge, auxiliary sein)

  1. (intransitive) to spring; to leap; to bounce
  2. (intransitive, sports) to dive; to jump; to vault
  3. (intransitive) to break; to burst; to pop

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch *springan, from Proto-Germanic *springaną.

VerbEdit

springen

  1. to jump, to spring
  2. to jump around, to dance
  3. to explode into pieces, to shatter

InflectionEdit

Strong class 3
Infinitive springen
3rd sg. past spranc
3rd pl. past sprongen
Past participle gesprongen
Infinitive springen
In genitive springens
In dative springene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular springe spranc
2nd singular sprincs, springes sproncs, spronges
3rd singular sprinct, springet spranc
1st plural springen sprongen
2nd plural sprinct, springet spronct, spronget
3rd plural springen sprongen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular springe spronge
2nd singular sprincs, springes spronges
3rd singular springe spronge
1st plural springen sprongen
2nd plural sprinct, springet spronget
3rd plural springen sprongen
Imperative Present
Singular sprinc, springe
Plural sprinct, springet
Present Past
Participle springende gesprongen

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English springan.

VerbEdit

springen

  1. to jump; to spring

DescendantsEdit