See also: Vier and vièr

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From vie +‎ -er.

NounEdit

vier (plural viers)

  1. One who vies for something.
    • 1991, Diane Lynch Fraser, Playdancing (page 90)
      Evidently, there were two children vying for a third's attention. The two attention viers were engaged in a series of gymnastic feats on a small portable trampoline. Two girls were trying to outdo each other to impress the third child, a boy.

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

Afrikaans cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : vier
    Ordinal : vierde

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch vier, from Middle Dutch vier, from Old Dutch viuwar, vier, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of *kʷetwóres.

NumeralEdit

vier

  1. four

Alemannic GermanEdit

cardinal number
4 Previous: drüü
Next: foif

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German vier, from Old High German fior, from Proto-West Germanic *feuwar, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr. Cognate with German vier, Dutch vier, English four, Icelandic fjórir.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

vier

  1. four

Derived termsEdit


Central FranconianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German vier, from Old High German fior, from Proto-West Germanic *feuwar, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwóres.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

vier

  1. (most dialects) four

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /vir/, [viːr], [viər], [f-]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: vier
  • Rhymes: -ir

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch vier, from Old Dutch viuwar, vier, from Proto-West Germanic *feuwar, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of *kʷetwóres.

NumeralEdit

Dutch numbers (edit)
40
 ←  3 4 5  → 
    Cardinal: vier
    Ordinal: vierde

vier

  1. four.
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: vier
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: firi
  • Jersey Dutch: vîr
  • Negerhollands: vier, veer, fi
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: firi
  • Trió: pirë

NounEdit

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vier m (plural vieren, diminutive viertje n)

  1. a sign for or representation of four
  2. the value four, e.g. as a score
  3. (uncountable) a group of four.

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

vier

  1. first-person singular present indicative of vieren
  2. imperative of vieren

GermanEdit

German cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : vier
    Ordinal : vierte

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German vier, from Old High German fior, from Proto-West Germanic *feuwar, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of *kʷetwóres. Compare Dutch vier, English four, Danish fire, Swedish fyra.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

vier

  1. four (numerical value represented by the Arabic numeral 4; or describing a set with four elements)
    • 1682, Benignus Kybler, WunderSpiegl Oder Göttliche Wunderwerck. Dritter und letzter Theil, p. 144:
      Bey Ablauffung der fünfften Wochen/ erschine ihr die Himmel-Königin abermahlen/ vnd raichet ein Himmlisches Getranck dar/ welches sie mit allgebürender Ehrerbütigkeit angenommen vnd genossen/ zumahlen sich dermassen erhollet hat / daß ihre Stärcke vnnd Leibs-Kräften weit grösser dann zuvoren/ nit leicht auch von vieren Männern kundte überwunden werden.
      When the fifth week end / the heavenly queen appeared to her again / and gave her a heavenly drink / that she accepted with appropriate reverence and enjoyed / so that she recreated so much, / that her strength and health were much higher than before / and couldn't easily be overcome by four men.

DeclensionEdit

Normally uninflected, but note the following:

  • viere (now colloquial, used independently of a noun), e.g. Die Turmuhr schlug viere. ― The clock tower struck four.
  • genitive: vierer (literary), e.g. nach Verlauf vierer Jahre ― after the course of four years
  • dative: vieren (literary, now used independently of a noun), e.g. der letzte von vieren ― the last of four

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • vier” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • vier” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • vier” in Duden online
  •   vier on the German Wikipedia.Wikipedia de

LatinEdit

VerbEdit

vier

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of viō

Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch viuwar, vier, from Proto-West Germanic *feuwar, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of *kʷetwóres.

NumeralEdit

vier

  1. four
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

vier n

  1. (Flemish, sometimes Brabant) Alternative form of vuur

Further readingEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

VerbEdit

vier

  1. present tense of vie

Pennsylvania GermanEdit

Pennsylvania German cardinal numbers
 <  3 4 5  > 
    Cardinal : vier
    Ordinal : viert

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German vier, from Old High German fior, from Proto-West Germanic *feuwar. Compare German vier, Dutch vier, English four.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

vier

  1. four

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

 

  • Hyphenation: vi‧er

VerbEdit

vier

  1. first-person singular (eu) future subjunctive of vir
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) future subjunctive of vir

RomanianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin verrēs.

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /vjer/

NounEdit

vier m (plural vieri)

  1. (male) wild boar
DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From vie (vineyard), or from Latin vīneārius.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /viˈer/

NounEdit

vier m (plural vieri)

  1. vintager
  2. (rare) vine grower
DeclensionEdit

SlovakEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vier

  1. genitive plural of viera

West FlemishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch vier, variant of vuur, from Old Dutch fuir, from Proto-West Germanic *fuir, from Proto-Germanic *fōr, from Proto-Indo-European *péh₂wr̥.

NounEdit

vier n

  1. fire

YolaEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

vier

  1. a weasel

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

vier

  1. Alternative form of vire (fire)

ReferencesEdit

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 75

ZealandicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch vier, from Old Dutch viuwar, vier, from Frankish and Proto-West Germanic *feuwar, from Proto-Germanic *fedwōr, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷetwṓr, the neuter form of *kʷetwóres.

NumeralEdit

vier

  1. four

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Dutch vier, variant of vuur.

NounEdit

vier n (plural [please provide])

  1. fire