See also: Acht, ächt, åcht, and -acht

Alemannic GermanEdit

cardinal number
8 Previous: sibe
Next: nüün

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu. Cognate with German acht, Dutch acht, English eight, Swedish åtta.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. eight

CimbrianEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. attributive form of achte
    acht óarneight o'clock (literally, “eight hours”)

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Czech acht, possibly from Middle High German āhte

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈaxt]
  • Hyphenation: acht

NounEdit

acht m inan

  1. (archaic) anathema
    Synonym: klatba

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • acht in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • acht in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɑxt/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: acht
  • Rhymes: -ɑxt

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch achte, acht, from Old Dutch ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

NumeralEdit

Dutch numbers (edit)
80
 ←  7 8 9  → 
    Cardinal: acht
    Ordinal: achtste

acht

  1. eight
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: agt, ag
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: akti
  • Jersey Dutch: āxt
  • Negerhollands: acht, agt, ak
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: akt

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Dutch achte.

NounEdit

acht f (uncountable)

  1. attention, heed
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: ag

VerbEdit

acht

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of achten
  2. imperative of achten

AnagramsEdit


Dutch Low SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Saxon ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu. Cognate to German Low German acht, German acht, Dutch acht.

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. (in many (all?) dialects) eight (8)

GermanEdit

German cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : achte

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw. Compare Dutch acht, English eight, Danish otte, Swedish åtta, Greek οκτώ (októ), Latin octō.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. eight (numerical value represented by the Arabic numeral 8; or describing a set with eight elements)

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


German Low GermanEdit

German Low German cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : acht

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German achte, from Old Saxon ahto. Cognate to Dutch Low Saxon acht, German acht, Dutch acht.

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. (in many dialects, including East Pomeranian, Low Prussian) eight (8)

Coordinate termsEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. (East Pomeranian in Brazil) eighth (8th)

ReferencesEdit

  • Der neue SASS: Plattdeutsches Wörterbuch, Plattdeutsch - Hochdeutsch, Hochdeutsch - Plattdeutsch. Plattdeutsche Rechtschreibung, sixth revised edition (2011, →ISBN, Wachholtz Verlag, Neumünster)
  • Gertjan Postma, A Contrastive Grammar of Brazilian Pomeranian (Linguistik Aktuell / Linguistics Today, vol. 248), 2019, p. 97 & 99

HunsrikEdit

Hunsrik cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : acht

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German ahte, from Old High German ahto.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. eight
    Sie hon acht Kinner.
    They have eight children.

Further readingEdit


IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Latin āctus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

acht m (genitive singular achta, nominative plural achtanna)

  1. decree, enactment
  2. compact
  3. condition
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish acht.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

acht

  1. Obsolete spelling of ach (but)

PrepositionEdit

acht (plus nominative, triggers no mutation)

  1. Obsolete spelling of ach (except, but)

AdverbEdit

acht

  1. Obsolete spelling of ach (but, only, merely)

Etymology 3Edit

Likely from etymology 2.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

acht m (genitive singular achta)

  1. doubt, uncertainty
DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
acht n-acht hacht t-acht
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Middle DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. Alternative form of achte

Old CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Middle High German āhte (compare German outlawry, sworn enmity).

NounEdit

acht m

  1. anathema

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • acht”, in Vokabulář webový: webové hnízdo pramenů k poznání historické češtiny [online][1], Praha: Ústav pro jazyk český AV ČR, 2006–2020

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *extos (except, but), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰsto- (out), from *h₁eǵʰs. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐκτός (ektós, outside).

Alternative formsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

acht

  1. but
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 7d10
      Mógi sidi uili do Día; acht do·rigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru et déu diib: is hed on ɔsecha-som hic.
      They are all servants to God; but the disciples had made a distinction between them and (made) gods of them; that is what he corrects here.
  2. provided (that) (followed by ro- and the subjunctive mood of the verb)
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 23b24
      Ní imned lim act rop Críst pridches et imme·ráda cách.
      It is not tribulation for me provided that it is Christ on whom everyone preaches and meditates.
  3. (followed by a nasalizing relative clause) except that
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 137b5
      Fa·didmed aicned, acht dond·ecmaiṅg anísiu.
      Nature would have allowed it, except that this happens.

For more quotations using this term, see Citations:acht.

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

·acht

  1. inflection of aigid:
    1. third-person singular preterite conjunct
    2. passive singular preterite conjunct

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
·acht unchanged ·n-acht
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Pennsylvania GermanEdit

Pennsylvania German cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : acht
Pennsylvania German ordinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : acht

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle High German ahte, from Old High German ahto. Compare German acht, Dutch acht, English eight.

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. eight

Etymology 2Edit

Compare German achte, Dutch achtste, English eighth.

AdjectiveEdit

acht

  1. eighth

Ordinal numberEdit

acht

  1. eighth

West FrisianEdit

West Frisian cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : achtste

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian achta, from Proto-West Germanic *ahtō, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. eight

Further readingEdit

  • acht (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

NounEdit

acht c (plural achten, diminutive achtsje)

  1. eight

Further readingEdit

  • acht (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

ZealandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch achte, acht, from Old Dutch ahto, from Frankish and Proto-West Germanic *ahtō, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. eight

Zipser GermanEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. Alternative form of åcht