See also: Acht, ächt, åcht, and -acht

Alemannic GermanEdit

cardinal number
8 Previous: sibe
Next: nüün

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu. Cognate with German acht, Dutch acht, English eight, Swedish åtta.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. eight

CimbrianEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. attributive form of achte
    acht óarneight o'clock (literally, “eight hours”)

DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɑxt/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: acht
  • Rhymes: -ɑxt

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch achte, acht, from Old Dutch ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

NumeralEdit

Dutch numbers (edit)
80
 ←  7 8 9  → 
    Cardinal: acht
    Ordinal: achtste

acht

  1. eight
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: agt

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Dutch achte, from Old Dutch *ahta, from Proto-Germanic *ahtō.

NounEdit

acht f (uncountable)

  1. attention, heed
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: ag

VerbEdit

acht

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of achten
  2. imperative of achten

AnagramsEdit


Dutch Low SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Saxon ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu. Cognate to German Low German acht, German acht, Dutch acht.

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. (in many (all?) dialects) eight (8)

GermanEdit

German cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : achte

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw. Compare Dutch acht, English eight, Danish otte, Swedish åtta, Greek οκτώ (októ), Latin octō.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. eight (numerical value represented by the Arabic numeral 8; or describing a set with eight elements)

Coordinate termsEdit

Related termsEdit


German Low GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Saxon ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu. Cognate to Dutch Low Saxon acht, German acht, Dutch acht.

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. (in many dialects, including Low Prussian and Plautdietsch) eight (8)

ReferencesEdit

  • Der neue SASS: Plattdeutsches Wörterbuch, Plattdeutsch - Hochdeutsch, Hochdeutsch - Plattdeutsch. Plattdeutsche Rechtschreibung, sixth revised edition (2011, →ISBN, Wachholtz Verlag, Neumünster)

HunsrikEdit

Hunsrik cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : acht

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. eight
    Sie hon acht Kinner.
    They have eight children.

Further readingEdit


IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Latin āctus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

acht m (genitive singular achta, nominative plural achtanna)

  1. decree, enactment
  2. compact
  3. condition
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish acht.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

acht

  1. Obsolete spelling of ach (but)

PrepositionEdit

acht (plus nominative, triggers no mutation)

  1. Obsolete spelling of ach (except, but)

AdverbEdit

acht

  1. Obsolete spelling of ach (but, only, merely)

Etymology 3Edit

Likely from etymology 2.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

acht m (genitive singular achta)

  1. doubt, uncertainty
DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
acht n-acht hacht t-acht
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Middle DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. Alternative form of achte

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *extos (except, but), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰsto- (out), from *h₁eǵʰs. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐκτός (ektós, outside).

Alternative formsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

acht

  1. but
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 114b18
      nád fil nech con·gné fris ón acht Día
      that there is no one to help him but God
  2. provided (that) (followed by ro- and the subjunctive mood of the verb)
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 23b24
      Ní imned lim act rop Críst pridches et imme·ráda cách.
      It is not tribulation for me provided that it is Christ on whom everyone preaches and meditates.
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

·acht

  1. inflection of aigid:
    1. third-person singular preterite conjunct
    2. passive singular preterite conjunct

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
·acht unchanged ·n-acht
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Pennsylvania GermanEdit

Pennsylvania German cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : acht
Pennsylvania German ordinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : acht

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Compare German acht, Dutch acht, English eight.

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. eight

Etymology 2Edit

Compare German achte, Dutch achtste, English eighth.

AdjectiveEdit

acht

  1. eighth

Ordinal numberEdit

acht

  1. eighth

West FrisianEdit

West Frisian cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : acht
    Ordinal : achtste

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian achta, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. eight

Further readingEdit

  • acht (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

NounEdit

acht c (plural achten, diminutive achtsje)

  1. eight

Further readingEdit

  • acht (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

ZealandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch achte, acht, from Old Dutch ahto, from Proto-Germanic *ahtōu, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. eight

Zipser GermanEdit

NumeralEdit

acht

  1. Alternative form of åcht