See also: , , and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
家-bw.png
Stroke order
家-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (roof) + phonetic  (pig). 豕 is an abbreviation of (jiā, "male pig, boar") (Shuowen Jiezi), a homophone of in Old Chinese (both *kˁra in the Baxter-Sagart system, 2011). is further composed of the phonetic part (jiǎ, from Old Chinese *kˁraʔ, "to borrow") and the semantic part ("pig").

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十一尸人 (JMSO), four-corner 30232, composition)

  1. house, home, residence
  2. family
  3. (as a suffix): professional, expert, performer
  4. (as a suffix): a school of thought (儒家, 道家, 法家)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 286, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7169
  • Dae Jaweon: page 566, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 930, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5BB6

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping gaa1, gu1, Yale ga1, gu1)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

/ihe1/: [ipe] → [iɸe] → [iwe] → [ie]. Possibly related to io.

NounEdit

(hiragana いえ, historical hiragana いへ, romaji ie)

  1. a house
  2. one's own home
  3. a home; a household
  4. a family

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. (as suffix) an expert, professional, performer

Etymology 2Edit

Cognate with (uchi).

NounEdit

(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

  1. a house
  2. one's house

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji -ke)

  1. a suffix representing relationship to a family
     (たいら) ()
    taira-ke
    the Taira family

Etymology 3Edit

A contraction of uchi → chi. Often following the genitive case marker no which contracts to n.

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji chi)

  1. house
     (おれ) () ()ない?
    ore n chi ni konai?
    Wanna come to my place?

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ya)

  1. house

SuffixEdit

(hiragana , romaji -ya)

  1. house of something, place where some business is conducted
  2. person who does that thing

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ga, go) (hangeul [[, ]], revised ga, go, McCune-Reischauer ka, ko)

CompoundsEdit


MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin jiā (jia1), Wade-Giles chia1)

  1. house
  2. home
  3. family

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin jiā)

  1. home
  2. family

SynonymsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*ga)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA ka (ka1), ke (ke1)])

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(gia, nhà)

Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 16:42