Last modified on 12 September 2014, at 15:56
See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
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shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note different forms; traditional is rather like , with on top, while simplified and Japanese shinjitai instead have a on top. Also, as with related and unrelated , in traditional and Japanese the top and bottom are separated – character has two components – while in simplified the top and bottom are connected, and the character forms one component.

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (vertical) +  (table) – checking if a table is level, truth.

Han characterEdit

(radical 109 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十月一金 (JBMC), four-corner 40801, composition)

  1. real, actual, true, genuine

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 805, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23236
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1221, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 249, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+771F

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhēn ‹ tsyin › /*tin {*ti[n]}/ true, real

AdverbEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) really, truly

AdjectiveEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) true, genuine, real

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. true
  2. reality
  3. Buddhist sect

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しん, romaji shin)

  1. truth; reality; genuineness

(hiragana , romaji ma)

  1. just; right; pure; genuine; true; real

(hiragana まこと, romaji makoto)

  1. truth; reality; genuineness

PrefixEdit

(hiragana しん, romaji shin-)

  1. true
  2. pure
  3. accurate

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana あつし, romaji Atsushi)

  1. Atsushi, a Japanese given name

(hiragana こころ, romaji Kokoro)

  1. Kokoro, a female Japanese given name

(hiragana さな, romaji Sana)

  1. Sana, a Japanese surname or female given name

(hiragana さねさき, romaji Sanesaki)

  1. Sanesaki, a Japanese surname

(hiragana しん, romaji Shin)

  1. Shin, a Japanese surname or female given name

(hiragana しんさき, romaji Shinsaki)

  1. Shinsaki, a Japanese surname

(hiragana しんざき, romaji Shinzaki)

  1. Shinzaki, a Japanese surname

(hiragana しんじ, romaji Shinji)

  1. Shinji, a Japanese name

(hiragana ただし, romaji Tadashi)

  1. Tadashi, a Japanese given name

(hiragana まお, romaji Mao)

  1. Mao, a female Japanese given name

(hiragana まがさき, romaji Magasaki)

  1. Magasaki, a Japanese surname

(hiragana まこ, romaji Mako)

  1. Mako, a female Japanese given name

(hiragana まこと, romaji Makoto)

  1. A male or female given name

(hiragana まさ, romaji Masa)

  1. Masa, a Japanese name

(hiragana まさし, romaji Masashi)

  1. Masashi, a Japanese name

(hiragana まさつぐ, romaji Masatsugu)

  1. Masatsugu, a Japanese name

(hiragana ましお, romaji Mashio)

  1. Mashio, a Japanese name

(hiragana ますみ, romaji Masumi)

  1. Masumi, a Japanese name

(hiragana まな, romaji Mana)

  1. Mana, a female Japanese given name

(hiragana まみ, romaji Mami)

  1. Mami, a Japanese name

(hiragana まやなぎ, romaji Mayanagi)

  1. Mayanagi, a Japanese surname

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(chân, chan, chang, sân)

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