Last modified on 30 October 2014, at 20:10

troll

See also: Troll, tröll, and trøll

EnglishEdit

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Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Norwegian, Danish or Swedish troll, from Old Norse trǫll (witch, mage, conjurer) (compare Icelandic tröll), possibly related to the Middle High German trolle (spook, wraith, monster, ogre) [1]. Norwegian fortrylle (to bewitch), Norwegian and Danish trylle (to conjure) and Swedish trolla (to conjure).

NounEdit

troll (plural trolls)

  1. (fantasy) A supernatural being of varying size, now especially a grotesque humanoid creature living in caves or hills or under bridges. [from early 17th c.]
    • 2013 June 8, “Obama goes troll-hunting”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8839, page 55: 
      The solitary, lumbering trolls of Scandinavian mythology would sometimes be turned to stone by exposure to sunlight. Barack Obama is hoping that several measures announced on June 4th will have a similarly paralysing effect on their modern incarnation, the patent troll.
  2. (slang) An ugly person of either sex, especially one seeking sexual experiences.
  3. (astronomy, meteorology) Optical ejections from the top of the electrically active core regions of thunderstorms that are red in color that seem to occur after tendrils of vigorous sprites extend downward toward the cloud tops.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English troll (to go about", "to stroll", "to roll from side to side), from Old French troller (French trôler) and Middle High German trollen (to stroll); fishing sense possibly influenced by trawl and/or trail

VerbEdit

troll (third-person singular simple present trolls, present participle trolling, simple past and past participle trolled)

  1. (intransitive) To saunter. [from late 14th c.]
  2. (intransitive) To trundle, to roll from side to side. [from early 15th c.]
  3. (transitive, figuratively) To draw someone or something out, to entice, to lure as if with trailing bait. [from the 1500s]
    1906: It was necessary to troll them along two years with the hope of employing their usual methods, in order to get them to a place too far from their starting-point for retreat.Thomas William Lawson, "Fools and Their Money: Some After-Claps of Frenzied Finance", Everybody's Magazine XIV(5) May 1906, p. 690
  4. (intransitive, fishing, by extension) To fish using a line and bait or lures trailed behind a boat similarly to trawling; to lure fish with bait. [from circa 1600]
    • Bancroft
      Their young men [] trolled along the brooks that abounded in fish.
  5. (transitive) To angle for with a trolling line, or with a hook drawn along the surface of the water; hence, to allure.
  6. (transitive) To fish in; to try to catch fish from.
    • Goldsmith
      With patient angle trolls the finny deep.
  7. (slang, intransitive) To stroll about in order to find a sexual partner, to cruise (originally homosexual slang). [from 20th c.]
    His favorite place to troll is that bar on 42nd street.
    I am trolling for custom, said the actress to the bishop.
  8. (intransitive, Internet slang) (to post inflammatory material so as) to attempt to lure others into combative argument for purposes of personal entertainment and/or gratuitous disruption, especially in an online community or discussion [from late 20th c.]
  9. (transitive, Internet slang) By extension, to incite anger (including outside of an internet context); to provoke, harass or annoy.
    • 1994 March 8, “Robert Royar” (username), “OK, here's more on trolling”, in comp.edu.composition, Usenet:
      trolling isn't aimed at newbies. It's aimed at self-important people
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

troll (plural trolls)

  1. An instance of trolling, especially, in fishing, the trailing of a baited line. [from circa 1600]
  2. (colloquial) A person who provokes others (chiefly on the Internet) for their own personal amusement or to cause disruption. [from late 20th c.]
TranslationsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English trollen, trollin (to walk, wander). Cognate with Low German trullen (to troll).

VerbEdit

troll (third-person singular simple present trolls, present participle trolling, simple past and past participle trolled)

  1. (transitive, intransitive, obsolete) To move circularly; to roll; to turn. [from the 15th c.]
    • Milton
      to dress and troll the tongue, and roll the eye
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To send about; to circulate, as a vessel in drinking.
    • Gammer Gurton's Needle
      Then doth she troll to the bowl.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      Troll the brown bowl.
  3. (transitive, intransitive, archaic) To sing the parts of in succession, as of a round, a catch, and the like; also, to sing loudly, freely or in a carefree way. [from the 16th c.]
    • Shakespeare
      Will you troll the catch?
    • Hudibras
      His sonnets charmed the attentive crowd, / By wide-mouthed mortal trolled aloud.
    Troll the ancient Yuletide carol. Fa la la la la la la la la.

NounEdit

troll (plural trolls)

  1. The act of moving round; routine; repetition.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burke to this entry?)
  2. A song whose parts are sung in succession; a catch; a round.
    • Professor Wilson
      Thence the catch and troll, while "Laughter, holding both his sides," sheds tears to song and ballad pathetic on the woes of married life.
  3. (obsolete) A trolley.
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bokmål- og nynorskordboka, Universitetet i Oslo

FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowing from Old Norse troll.

NounEdit

troll m (plural trolls)

  1. troll (mythical being)

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowing from English troll.

NounEdit

troll m (plural trolls)

  1. troll (inflammatory poster on the Internet)

External linksEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

troll m (invariable)

  1. troll (grotesque person, Internet troll)

Derived termsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

troll n (definite singular trollet, indefinite plural troll, definite plural trolla or trollene) troll n

  1. troll (supernatural being)

Derived termsEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

troll n (definite singular trollet, indefinite plural troll, definite plural trolla) troll n

  1. troll (supernatural being)

PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

troll m (plural trolls)

  1. (fantasy, Norse mythology) troll (large, grotesque humanoid living in caves, hills or under bridges)
  2. (Internet) troll (person who provokes others and causes disruption)

SpanishEdit

NounEdit

troll m (plural trolls)

  1. Alternative spelling of trol.

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

troll n

  1. troll (supernatural being)

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit