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พระราชกำหนด

Contents

ThaiEdit

EtymologyEdit

พระราช (prefix for royal persons and things relating to them, literally divine and royal) +‎ กำหนด (gam-nòt, determination; command, decree, edict; requirement; etc). Compare Khmer ព្រះរាជកំណត់ (preăhréachkâmnât).

The first sense was probably first used on 10 December 1932, when the first constitution of Thailand was enacted.

PronunciationEdit

Orthographicพระราชกำหนด
b r a r ā d͡ʑ k å h n ɗ
Phonemicพฺระ-ราด-ชะ-กำ-หฺนด
b ̥ r a – r ā ɗ – d͡ʑ a – k å – h ̥ n ɗ
RomanizationPaiboonprá-râat-chá-gam-nòt
Royal Institutephra-rat-cha-kam-not
(standard) IPA(key)/pʰra˦˥.raːt̚˥˩.t͡ɕʰa˦˥.kam˧.not̚˨˩/

NounEdit

พระราชกำหนด (prá-râat-chá-gam-nòt)

  1. (law) emergency decree: decree issued by a monarch upon advice of the executive branch in case of emergency, having the same force as an act of parliament. Abbreviation: พ.ร.ก. (pɔɔ-rɔɔ-gɔɔ).
  2. (archaic) any law, regulation, command, edict, or requirement made by a monarch.

Usage notesEdit

  • A decree issued by any other head of state than a monarch, such as by the president of a republic, is called รัฐกำหนด.

Related termsEdit