a comma butterfly (Polygonia c-album)

Alternative formsEdit


From Latin comma, from Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma), from κόπτω (kóptō, I cut)


  • (UK) enPR: kŏm'ə, IPA(key): /ˈkɒm.ə/
  • (US) enPR: kŏm'-ə, IPA(key): /ˈkɑm.ə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒmə


comma (plural commas or commata)

    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    (typography) The punctuation mark,used to indicate a set of parts of a sentence or between elements of a list.
    Synonyms: scratch comma, virgule, (in its obsolete form as a slash) virgula, (in its obsolete form as a middot) come, (obsolete) comma-point
    Hyponyms: comma of Didymus, inverted comma, Oxford comma, serial comma, syntonic comma
  2. (Romanian typography) A similar-looking subscript diacritical mark.
  3. (entomology) Any of various nymphalid butterflies of the genus Polygonia, having a comma-shaped white mark on the underwings, especially Polygonia c-album and Polygonia c-aureum of North Africa, Europe, and Asia.
    • 2004, Scott Shalaway, “Close-ups”, in Butterflies in the Backyard, Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, →ISBN, page 18:
      Commas (Polygonia comma) and Question Marks (Polygonia interrogationis) occur from the Gulf Coast to Canada and west to the Rockies. [...] Question Marks and Commas are handsome butterflies with burnt orange and black markings. [...] On the underside of each hind wing of the Comma is a small, distinctive silver hook that resembles a comma.
    • 2013, Ann Simpson; Rob Simpson, “Butterflies and Moths”, in Nature Guide to Shenandoah National Park (Falcon Pocket Guide), Guilford, Conn.; Helena, Mont.: Falcon Guides, Globe Pequot Press, →ISBN, page 91:
      Other members of this genus that are frequently encountered in the park are the eastern comma (P. comma) and question mark (P. interrogationis).
  4. (music) A difference in the calculation of nearly identical intervals by different ways.
  5. (genetics) A delimiting marker between items in a genetic sequence.
  6. (rhetoric) In Ancient Greek rhetoric, a short clause, something less than a colon, originally denoted by comma marks. In antiquity it was defined as a combination of words having no more than eight syllables in all. It was later applied to longer phrases, e.g. the Johannine comma.
  7. (figuratively) A brief interval.

Derived termsEdit

punctuation mark


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.


comma (third-person singular simple present commas, present participle commaing, simple past and past participle commaed)

  1. (rare, transitive) To place a comma or commas within text; to follow, precede, or surround a portion of text with commas.

See alsoEdit


Further readingEdit





  1. third-person singular past historic of commer




comma m (plural commi)

  1. (law) subsection, subparagraph
    ll secondo comma dell'articolo 3
    the second subparagraph of article 3
  2. (music) comma



From the Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma), from κόπτω (kóptō, I cut).



comma n (genitive commatis); third declension

  1. (in grammar):
    1. a comma (a division, member, or section of a period smaller than a colon)
    2. a comma (a mark of punctuation)
  2. (in verse) a caesura

Usage notesEdit

  • In the works of Cicero and Quintilian, the untransliterated Greek κόμμα (kómma) is used for comma in the grammatical sense of “a division…of a period smaller than a colon”.


Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative comma commata
Genitive commatis commatum
Dative commatī commatibus
Accusative comma commata
Ablative commate commatibus
Vocative comma commata