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EnglishEdit

 
a comma butterfly

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin comma, from Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma), from κόπτω (kóptō, I cut)

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) enPR: kŏm'ə, IPA(key): /ˈkɒm.ə/
  • (US) enPR: kŏm'-ə, IPA(key): /ˈkɑm.ə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒmə

NounEdit

comma (plural commas or commata)

  1. (typography) The punctuation mark,used to indicate a set off parts of a sentence or between elements of a list.
  2. (Romanian typography) A similar-looking subscript diacritical mark.
  3. (entomology) Any of various nymphalid butterflies of the genus Polygonia, having a comma-shaped white mark on the underwings, especially Polygonia c-album and Polygonia c-aureum of North Africa, Europe, and Asia.
  4. (music) a difference in the calculation of nearly identical intervals by different ways.
  5. (genetics) A delimiting marker between items in a genetic sequence.
  6. In Ancient Greek rhetoric, a short clause, something less than a colon, originally denoted by comma marks. In antiquity it was defined as a combination of words having no more than eight syllables in all. It was later applied to longer phrases, e.g. the Johannine comma.
  7. (figuratively) A brief interval.

SynonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

punctuation mark
  • (punctuation mark): See serial comma
  • Derived termsEdit

    punctuation mark

    TranslationsEdit

    The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

    VerbEdit

    comma (third-person singular simple present commas, present participle commaing, simple past and past participle commaed)

    1. (rare, transitive) To place a comma or commas within text; to follow, precede, or surround a portion of text with commas.

    See alsoEdit

    Punctuation

    Further readingEdit


    FrenchEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    VerbEdit

    comma

    1. third-person singular past historic of commer

    ItalianEdit

    NounEdit

    comma m (plural commi)

    1. (law) subsection
    2. (music) comma

    LatinEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From the Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma), from κόπτω (kóptō, I cut).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    comma n (genitive commatis); third declension

    1. (in grammar):
      1. a comma (a division, member, or section of a period smaller than a colon)
      2. a comma (a mark of punctuation)
    2. (in verse) a caesura

    Usage notesEdit

    • In the works of Cicero and Quintilian, the untransliterated Greek κόμμα (kómma) is used for comma in the grammatical sense of “a division…of a period smaller than a colon”.

    DeclensionEdit

    Third declension neuter.

    Case Singular Plural
    Nominative comma commata
    Genitive commatis commatum
    Dative commatī commatibus
    Accusative comma commata
    Ablative commate commatibus
    Vocative comma commata

    SynonymsEdit

    ReferencesEdit