TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(power)

Han characterEdit

(radical 19 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 土戈大尸 (GIKS), four-corner 45427, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 149, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2422
  • Dae Jaweon: page 336, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 377, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+52E2

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (勢), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 祭
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 舒制切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiᴇiH/ /ɕi̯ɛiH/ /ɕiɛiH/ /ɕiɛiH/ /ɕiajH/ /ɕĭɛiH/ /ɕjæiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shì ‹ syejH › /*ŋ̊ et-s/ circumstances, setting

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15089 2 /*hŋjeds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. power, force
  2. tendency

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. forces
  2. energy
  3. military strength

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 趨勢 ‎(すうせい, sūsei)
  • 衰勢 ‎(すいせい, suisei)
  • 姿勢 ‎(しせい, shisei)
  • 形勢 ‎(けいせい, keisei)
  • 村勢 ‎(そんせい, sonsei)
  • 町勢 ‎(ちょうせい, chōsei)
  • 区勢 ‎(くせい, kusei)
  • 市勢 ‎(しせい, shisei)
  • 水勢 ‎(すいせい, suisei)
  • 手勢 ‎(てぜい, tezei)
  • 中勢 ‎(ちゅうせい, chūsei)
  • 病勢 ‎(びょうせい, byōsei)
  • 落勢 ‎(らくせい, rakusei)
  • 騰勢 ‎(とうせい, tōsei)
  • 勢力伯仲 ‎(せいりょくはくちゅう, seiryokuhakuchū)
  • 党勢 ‎(とうせい, tōsei)
  • 猖獗 ‎(しょうけつ, shōketsu)
  • 破竹の勢い ‎(はちくのいきおい, hachikunoikioi)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(se) (hangeul , revised se, McCune-Reischauer se)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thế, thể)

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