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U+807D, 聽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-807D

[U+807C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+807E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 128, +16, 22 strokes, cangjie input 尸土十田心 (SGJWP), four-corner 14131, composition ⿰⿹𡈼𢛳)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • 耳王十四一心 is a phrase used to remember this character, based on the order of the strokes.

Further readingEdit

  • KangXi: page 970, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29211
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1422, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2799, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+807D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Small seal script
           
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰeŋ
*l̥ʰeŋ
*hljeŋs
*l̥ʰeːŋ, *l̥ʰeːŋs
*l̥ʰeːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰeːŋ, *l̥ʰeːŋs): phonetic 𡈼 (OC *l̥ʰeːŋʔ) + semantic  (ear) + semantic .

EtymologyEdit

to listen > to believe > to obey > to allow

This is traditionally considered to have the same origin as (OC *hljeŋs, “to hear; wise; sage”) and (OC *qʰjeŋ, “sound”). Additionally, it may be also related to (OC *reːŋ, “to hear; to listen”) (Wang, 1982).

Outside connections unclear, although note Proto-Hlai *hliːŋ (to hear (it said)) < Pre-Hlai *(h)leːŋ (Norquest, 2007).

Derivatives:

  • (OC *l̥ʰeːŋ, “hall, i.e. where hearings take place”)
  • (OC *l'eːŋ, *l'eːŋʔ, “palace courtyard”).
(Cantonese) tomorrow
See 聽日听日.
can; tin
From English tin.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • thiaⁿ - vernacular;
  • thèng/theng - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 聽 (好)
    Mandarin Beijing /tʰiŋ˥˥/
    Harbin /tʰiŋ˦˦/
    Tianjin /tʰiŋ˨˩/
    Jinan /tʰiŋ˨˩˧/
    Qingdao /tʰiŋ˨˩˧/
    Zhengzhou /tʰiŋ˨˦/
    Xi'an /tʰiŋ˨˩/
    Xining /tʰiə̃˦˦/
    Yinchuan /tʰiŋ˦˦/
    Lanzhou /tʰĩn˧˩/
    Ürümqi /tʰiŋ˦˦/
    Wuhan /tʰin˥˥/
    Chengdu /tʰin˥˥/
    Guiyang /tʰin˥˥/
    Kunming /tʰĩ˦˦/
    Nanjing /tʰin˧˩/
    Hefei /tʰin˨˩/
    Jin Taiyuan /tʰiəŋ˩˩/
    Pingyao /tʰi˩˧/
    /tʰiŋ˩˧/
    Hohhot /tʰiŋ̃˧˩/
    Wu Shanghai /tʰiŋ˥˧/
    Suzhou /tʰin˥˥/
    Hangzhou /tʰin˧˧/
    Wenzhou /tʰeŋ˧˧/
    Hui Shexian /tʰiʌ̃˧˨˦/
    Tunxi /tʰɛ˦˨/
    Xiang Changsha /tʰin˥˥/
    Xiangtan /tʰin˥˥/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰiɑŋ˦˨/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰaŋ˦˦/
    Taoyuan /tʰɑŋ˨˦/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰɛŋ˥˧/
    Nanning /tʰeŋ˧˧/
    Hong Kong /tʰɛŋ˥˥/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰiŋ˥˥/
    /tʰiã˥˥/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰiaŋ˦˦/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰeiŋ˦˦/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰiã˧˧/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hia˨˧/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (125)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰeŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰeŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰɛŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰɛjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰeŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰieŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰieŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tīng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tīng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ theng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ˁeŋ/
    English listen

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 11392
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ʰeːŋ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to listen; to hear; to listen to (radio, etc.)
      仔細 / 仔细  ―  Qǐng zǐxì tīng.  ―  Please listen carefully.
      / [Min Nan]  ―  thiaⁿ ū bô? [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  Can you understand what you heard or not?
    2. to obey; to heed
      /   ―  tīnghuà  ―  obedient; to obey
    3. to allow; to let
    4. (Wenzhou Wu) to smell
    5. (Cantonese) to pick up the phone
    6. can; tin
      Synonyms: 聽子听子
      /   ―  tīngzhuāng  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    7. Classifier for canned drinks.
    8. (Cantonese) tomorrow
      /   ―  tīngwǎn  ―  Tomorrow evening
    SynonymsEdit
    • (to smell):
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to smell”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese ,
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Xingning
    Huidong (Daling)
    Qujiang
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang)
    Changting
    Pingyu
    Wuping
    Liancheng
    Ninghua
    Ruijin
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Penang
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou ,
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    • (to pick up the phone): (jiē)

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note: literary reading.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (125)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰeŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰeŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰɛŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰɛjŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰeŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰieŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰieŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tìng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tìng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thengH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ˁeŋ-s/
    English listen to; obey

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 11394
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ʰeːŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to handle (matters of state); to administer
      /   ―  tīngzhèng  ―  to handle matters of state

    CompoundsEdit

    Further readingEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. to listen; to hear
    2. to allow

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 들을 (deureul cheong))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thính, xính)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.