See also: and
U+807D, 聽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-807D

[U+807C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+807E]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 128, +16, 22 strokes, cangjie input 尸土十田心 (SGJWP), four-corner 14131, composition ⿰⿹𡈼𢛳)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • 耳王十四一心 is a phrase used to remember this character, based on the order of the strokes.

Further readingEdit

  • KangXi: page 970, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29211
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1422, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2799, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+807D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Small seal script
           

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰeːŋ, *l̥ʰeːŋs): phonetic 𡈼 (OC *l̥ʰeːŋʔ) + semantic (ear) + semantic .

EtymologyEdit

to listen > to believe > to obey > to allow

This is traditionally considered to have the same origin as (OC *hljeŋs, “to hear; wise; sage”) and (OC *qʰjeŋ, “sound”). Additionally, it may be also related to (OC *reːŋ, “to hear; to listen”) (Wang, 1982).

Outside connections unclear, although note Proto-Hlai *hliːŋ (to hear (it said)) from Pre-Hlai *(h)leːŋ (Norquest, 2007).

Derivatives:

  • (OC *l̥ʰeːŋ, “hall, i.e. where hearings take place”)
  • (OC *l'eːŋ, *l'eːŋʔ, “palace courtyard”).
(Cantonese) tomorrow
See 聽日听日.
can; tin
From English tin.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • teng1 - vernacular;
  • ting1 - literary.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • thiaⁿ - vernacular;
    • thèng/theng - literary.
    Note:
    • tian1 - vernacular;
    • têng3 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 聽 (好)
    Mandarin Beijing /tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /tʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /tʰiŋ²¹/
    Jinan /tʰiŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /tʰiŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /tʰiŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /tʰiŋ²¹/
    Xining /tʰiə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /tʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /tʰĩn³¹/
    Ürümqi /tʰiŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /tʰin⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /tʰin⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /tʰin⁵⁵/
    Kunming /tʰĩ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /tʰin³¹/
    Hefei /tʰin²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /tʰiəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /tʰi¹³/
    /tʰiŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /tʰĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /tʰiŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /tʰin⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /tʰin³³/
    Wenzhou /tʰeŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /tʰiʌ̃³²⁴/
    Tunxi /tʰɛ⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /tʰin⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /tʰin⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /tʰiɑŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /tʰaŋ⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /tʰɑŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰɛŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /tʰeŋ³³/
    Hong Kong /tʰɛŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    /tʰiã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰiaŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰeiŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰiã³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hia²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (125)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰeŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰeŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰɛŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰɛjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰeŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰieŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰieŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tīng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tīng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ theng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ˁeŋ/
    English listen

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 11392
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ʰeːŋ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to listen; to hear; to listen to (radio, etc.)
      仔細 / 仔细  ―  Qǐng zǐxì tīng.  ―  Please listen carefully.
      / [Hokkien]  ―  thiaⁿ ū bô? [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  Can you understand what you heard or not?
    2. to obey; to heed
      /   ―  tīnghuà  ―  obedient; to obey
    3. to allow; to let
    4. (Wenzhou Wu) to smell
    5. (Cantonese) to pick up the phone
    6. can; tin
      Synonym: 聽子听子 (tīngzi)
      /   ―  tīngzhuāng  ―  canned (drink, food etc.)
    7. Classifier for canned drinks.
    8. (Cantonese) tomorrow
      /   ―  tīngwǎn  ―  Tomorrow evening
    SynonymsEdit
    • (to hear):
    • (to smell):
    • (to pick up the phone): (jiē)

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note: literary reading.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (125)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰeŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰeŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰɛŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰɛjŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰeŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰieŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰieŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tìng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tìng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ thengH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ˁeŋ-s/
    English listen to; obey

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 11394
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ʰeːŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to handle (matters of state); to administer
      /   ―  tīngzhèng  ―  to handle matters of state
    2. to adjudicate
      /   ―  tīng  ―  to hear lawsuits
    3. to allow

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (mahjong) to need (one or more particular tiles) to complete a hand to win

    SynonymsEdit

    • (Cantonese) (giu3)

    CompoundsEdit

    Further readingEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. to listen; to hear
    2. to allow

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 들을 (deureul cheong))

    1. Hanja form? of (to listen).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thính, xính)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.