See also:
U+5712, 園
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5712

[U+5711]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5713]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 31, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田土口女 (WGRV), four-corner 60232, composition )

Derived characters

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Descendants

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 220, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4818
  • Dae Jaweon: page 451, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 723, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5712

Chinese

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trad.
simp. *
alternative forms
𡈤

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ɢʷan) : semantic (fence) + phonetic (OC *ɢʷan).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • hn̂g/hûiⁿ - vernacular;
  • oân - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yan³⁵/
Harbin /yan²⁴/
Tianjin /yan⁴⁵/
Jinan /yã⁴²/
Qingdao /yã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yan⁴²/
Xi'an /yã²⁴/
Xining /yã²⁴/
Yinchuan /yan⁵³/
Lanzhou /yɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /yan⁵¹/
Wuhan /yɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /yan³¹/
Guiyang /ian²¹/
Kunming /iɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /yen²⁴/
Hefei /yĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ye¹¹/
Pingyao /ye̞¹³/
Hohhot /ye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦyø²³/
Suzhou /ɦiø¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦyõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /jy³¹/
Hui Shexian /ue⁴⁴/
Tunxi /yɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /yẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /yɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ian¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²¹/
Nanning /yn²¹/
Hong Kong /jyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /uan³⁵/
/hŋ̍³⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /huoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /xyiŋ³³/
Shantou (Teochew) /hŋ̍⁵⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /zuaŋ³¹/
/hui³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter hjwon
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʉɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuan/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐn/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuán
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jyun4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ɢʷa[n]/
English garden

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16221
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷan/

Definitions

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  1. garden; orchard
    蘋果苹果  ―  píngguǒ yuán  ―  apple orchard
    頤和颐和  ―  yíhéyuán  ―  Summer Palace
  2. park; public recreational place
  3. (Min) dry land
  4. a surname

Compounds

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. field, plantation
  2. garden, park
  3. preschool (nursery, kindergarten)

Readings

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

/wen//eɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC hjwon).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(えん) (enゑん (wen)?

  1. preschool
    1. Short for 幼稚園 (yōchien) kindergarten
    2. Short for 保育園 (hoikuen) nursery school

Affix

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(えん) (enゑん (wen)?

  1. garden, park
Derived terms
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Proper noun

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(えん) (Enゑん (wen)?

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
その
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling

⟨so2no2 → */sənə//sono/

From Old Japanese.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(その) (sono

  1. an orchard, plantation
  2. a garden, park (especially one with trees)
    Synonyms: 園生 (sonou), 庭園 (teien), (niwa)
  3. a place, location
    Synonym: 場所 (basho)
Derived terms
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Proper noun

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(その) (Sono

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC hjwon). Recorded as Middle Korean (wen) (Yale: wen) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 동산 (dongsan won))

  1. Hanja form? of (garden; orchard).

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: viên, vườn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.