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See also:
U+5712, 園
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5712

[U+5711]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5713]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 31 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 田土口女 (WGRV), four-corner 60232, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 220, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4818
  • Dae Jaweon: page 451, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 723, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5712

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ɢʷalʔ
ɢʷan
ɢʷan
ɢʷan
ɢʷan
ɢʷan
ɢʷan
ɢʷanʔ, *ɢʷans

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷan): semantic  (fence) + phonetic  (OC *ɢʷan).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hn̂g/hûiⁿ - vernacular;
  • oân - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /yan³⁵/
Harbin /yan²⁴/
Tianjin /yan⁴⁵/
Jinan /yã⁴²/
Qingdao /yã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /yan⁴²/
Xi'an /yã²⁴/
Xining /yã²⁴/
Yinchuan /yan⁵³/
Lanzhou /yɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /yan⁵¹/
Wuhan /yɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /yan³¹/
Guiyang /ian²¹/
Kunming /iɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /yen²⁴/
Hefei /yĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ye¹¹/
Pingyao /ye̞¹³/
Hohhot /ye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦyø²³/
Suzhou /ɦiø¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦyõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /jy³¹/
Hui Shexian /ue⁴⁴/
Tunxi /yɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /yẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /yẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /yɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ian¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²¹/
Nanning /yn²¹/
Hong Kong /jyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /uan³⁵/
/hŋ̍³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xyiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hŋ̍⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ³¹/
/hui³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (66)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʉɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuan/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuɐn/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ɢʷa[n]/
English garden

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16221
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷan/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. garden; orchard
  2. park; public recreational place
  3. (Min) dry land
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana えん, rōmaji en, historical hiragana ゑん)

  1. garden

(hiragana その, rōmaji sono)

  1. garden
  2. park
  3. plantation

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana その, rōmaji Sono)

  1. A surname​.

SuffixEdit

(hiragana えん, rōmaji -en, historical hiragana ゑん)

  1. garden, park

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(viên, vườn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.