See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɢʷan): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɢʷan)

Han characterEdit

(radical 94 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 大竹土口女 (KHGRV), four-corner 44232, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 716, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20584
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1128, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1361, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+733F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (35)
Final: (66)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yuán
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɦʉɐn/ /ɦʷiɐn/ /ɣiuɐn/ /ɦuan/ /ɣiuɐn/ /ɣĭwɐn/ /i̯wɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16223 1 /*ɢʷan/

NounEdit

  1. an ape

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. monkey

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
さる
Grade: S
kun'yomi

NounEdit

‎(hiragana さる, katakana サル, romaji saru)

  1. a monkey
    • 1079, Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (page 10 (back))
      猕猴 二字合訓佐流

Derived termsEdit

Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as サル.

NounEdit

Kanji in this term
まし
Grade: S
kun'yomi

‎(hiragana まし, romaji mashi)

  1. (archaic) a monkey

PronunciationEdit

Kanji in this term
ましら
Grade: S
kun'yomi

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ましら, romaji mashira)

  1. (archaic) a monkey

ReferencesEdit

  • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1079) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 12: Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 978-4-7629-3099-7, published 1979.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(won) (hangeul , revised won, McCune-Reischauer wŏn, Yale wen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(viên, vượn, ươi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • Nôm: viên, vượn

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville
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