(common “Jōyō” kanji)
): a monkey
, specifically a Japanese macaque.
From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.
Ultimate derivation possibly borrowed from Ainu サロ (saro, “monkey”, from サㇻ (sar, “a tail”) + オ (o, “to bear, to wear, to carry”)).
The kanji is from Chinese 猿 (“ape”). Compare Japanese 猪 (inoshishi, “boar”) from Chinese 猪 (“pig”) and Japanese 豚 (buta, “pig”) from Chinese 豚 (“suckling pig”).
猿 (hiragana さる, katakana サル, rōmaji saru)
- a monkey (primate)
- 1079, Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (page 10 (back))
- 猕猴 二字合訓佐流
- Short for 日本猿 (Nihonzaru, “Japanese macaque”).
- (loosely) an ape (animal)
- 猿の惑星 創世記
- Saru no Wakusei Jeneshisu
- Planet of the Apes: Genesis
- 猿の惑星 新世紀
- Saru no Wakusei Raijingu
- Planet of the Apes: Rising
- 猿の惑星 聖戦記
- Saru no Wakusei Gurēto Wō
- Planet of the Apes: Great War
1988 July 30 [Jul 25 1984], Fujiko F. Fujio, “世界名作童話第３巻 うらしま太郎 [World’s Renowned Fairy Tales Book 3: Urashima Tarō]”, in ポストの中の明日 [Post-Mid-Tomorrow] (藤子不二雄少年SF短編集; 2), volume 2 (fiction, in Japanese), 10th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 117:
- Chikyū wa, saru no wakusei ni natte imashita to sa.
- Meanwhile, Earth became the planet of the apes.
As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as サル.
From Old Japanese [Term?]. Appears in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE, used phonetically to spell the sound /masi/.
Ultimate derivation unknown.
猿 (hiragana まし, rōmaji mashi)
- (archaic, possibly obsolete) a monkey
This form seems to be used less often than mashira below.
Derived from earlier mashi form above. Found in texts from the early 1900s, possibly earlier. Appears to be mashi + the pluralizing and genericizing suffix ら (ra).
猿 (hiragana ましら, rōmaji mashira)
- (archaic) a monkey
- ^ John Batchelor, (1905), An Ainu-English-Japanese dictionary (including a grammar of the Ainu language), Tokyo: Methodist Publishing House, London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner Co.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
- Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1079) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 12: Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, published 1979, →ISBN.
猿 • (won) (hangeul 원, revised won, McCune–Reischauer wŏn, Yale wen)
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