U+5AC1, 嫁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5AC1

[U+5AC0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5AC2]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 38, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 女十一人 (VJMO), four-corner 43432, composition )

References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 268, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6602
  • Dae Jaweon: page 536, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1073, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5AC1

Chinese

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trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin

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Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kraːs) : semantic + phonetic (OC *kraː).

Etymology

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Exoactive of (OC *kraː, “home, house”), with the addition of the denominal verbalisation suffix *-s in Old Chinese, meaning “to go to one's new home; to become married”. In the Baxter–Sagart system, an additional pronunciation is posited for the causative sense (“to make someone become married; to marry off”), formed with the prolific Old Chinese causative prefix *s-. Compare .

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • kà/kèe - literary;
  • kè - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Baxter kaeH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨH/
Li
Rong
/kaH/
Wang
Li
/kaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jià
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gaa3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jià jià
Middle
Chinese
‹ H › ‹ H ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁra-s/ /*s-kˁra-s/
English go (as a bride) to one"s new home send (one’s daughter) as a bride

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5923
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːs/

Definitions

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  1. (of a woman) to marry; to become married to
    出去  ―  jià bù chūqù  ―  to be unable to get married (to anyone); to be left on the shelf
    去年大學同學 [MSC, trad.]
    去年大学同学 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā qùnián jià gěi le dàxué tóngxué. [Pinyin]
    She married her university classmate last year.
  2. to give a daughter in marriage; to marry off
    女兒女儿  ―  jià nǚ'ér  ―  to give a daughter in marriage; to try to marry off a daughter
  3. (figurative) to transfer; to shift (harm, charge, etc.); to put the (blame) on another person
    禍於人祸于人  ―  jiàhuòyúrén  ―  to shift the blame on others
  4. a surname: Jia

Synonyms

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  • (to marry):
  • (to transfer):

Coordinate terms

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Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bride

Readings

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Etymology

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Kanji in this term
よめ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
よめ
[noun] bride
[noun] daughter in law
[noun] (archaic, now chiefly Kansai) wife
[noun] (Internet slang) waifu or husbando
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC kaeH). Recorded as Middle Korean 가〯 () (Yale: ka) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 시집 (sijipgal ga))

  1. Hanja form? of (to marry; give a daughter in marriage).

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: giá, gả,

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.