See also:
U+6559, 教
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6559

[U+6558]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+655A]

Translingual

edit
Stroke order
 

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 66, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十木人大 (JDOK), four-corner 48440, composition )

Derived characters

edit

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: not present, would follow page 472, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13213
  • Dae Jaweon: page 823, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1459, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+6559

Chinese

edit
trad. /
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin

edit
Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kraːw, *kraːws) : phonetic (OC *ɢraːw, divination) + semantic (child) + semantic (teaching cane) – teaching a child counting or divination.

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation 1

edit

Note: gaau1 - rare.
Note:
  • háu - vernacular;
  • ga̿u - literary.
Note:
  • gá - vernacular;
  • gáu - literary.
Note:
  • kà - vernacular;
  • kàu - literary.
Note:
  • 5kau - vernacular;
  • 5ciau - literary.
Note:
  • gau4 - vernacular;
  • jiau4 - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Baxter kaew
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠau/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚau/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kau/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨw/
    Li
    Rong
    /kau/
    Wang
    Li
    /kau/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kau/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiāo
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gaau1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiāo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kæw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s.[k]ˁraw/
    English teach

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14642
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kraːw/
    Notes

    Definitions

    edit

    1. to teach; to instruct
        ―  Wǒ lái jiāo nǐ.  ―  Let me teach you.
    Synonyms
    edit

    Compounds

    edit

    Pronunciation 2

    edit

    Note:
    • kà - vernacular (“to tell someone to do something”);
    • kàu - literary.
    Note:
    • ga3 - vernacular;
    • gao3 - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (90)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Baxter kaewH
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠauH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚauH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kauH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kauH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kauH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kauH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiào
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    gaau3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kæwH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s.kˁraw-s/
    English teaching; instruction

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14643
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kraːws/

    Definitions

    edit

    1. to provide guidance; to instruct
    2. (obsolete or Southern Min) to tell (someone to do something); to let; to instruct
    3. etiquette; rules; customs
    4. religion; faith; religious teachings
      什麼什么  ―  Nǐ xìn shénme jiào?  ―  What is your religion?
    5. to cause; to make
      Synonym: (jiào)
      哭笑不得  ―  jiào rén kūxiàobùdé  ―  (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    6. a surname

    Compounds

    edit

    References

    edit

    Japanese

    edit

    Kanji

    edit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. to teach; teachings, doctrine

    Readings

    edit

    Compounds

    edit

    Etymology 1

    edit
    Kanji in this term
    きょう
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    /keu//kjoː/

    From Middle Chinese (MC kaew|kaewH, “to teach, to instruct”).

    Pronunciation

    edit

    Affix

    edit

    (きょう) (kyōけう (keu)?

    1. teaching
    2. doctrine
    Usage notes
    edit

    Only used in kanji compounds. Never used in isolation with this reading.

    Suffix

    edit

    (きょう) (-kyōけう (keu)?

    1. -ism (religion)
    Derived terms
    edit

    Etymology 2

    edit
    Kanji in this term
    さとし
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    From either the classical 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) satoshi of modern adjective 聡い (satoi, clever, sharp-witted), or the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) satoshi of cognate verb 諭す (satosu, to admonish, persuade, remonstrate → to redirect into a smarter direction).

    Pronunciation

    edit

    Proper noun

    edit

    (さとし) (Satoshi

    1. a male given name

    References

    edit
    • Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

    Korean

    edit

    Hanja

    edit

    (eumhun 가르칠 (gareuchil gyo))

    1. Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (to teach; class).)

    Vietnamese

    edit

    Han character

    edit

    : Hán Việt readings: giao, giáo
    : Nôm readings: dáo, giáo, ráu, tráo

    1. chữ Hán form of giáo (of teaching or educating; religion).